CAES / Pecan Breeding / Pollination Charts. Lakeview Pecans. Excellent scab resistance with high quality meat in a small nut. Pear Pollination. Basic flowering timing follows one of two patterns. × Email Randy S. Sanderlin. It is also a low chill variety that requires little maintenance and is very resistant to scab. Name. Growing Pecan Trees Cross-pollinated pecans are usually larger and higher quality than self-pollinated pecans. My hope is this chart will help you choose trees that will pollinate each other and will help me to advise better. Of the choices of type 1 pollinators, Amling seems to be the most disease resistant for extreme high humidity areas like Central FL. Copyright © 2014-2020 e-widgets LLC dba Green Pointe Growers. In the high humidity of Florida, scab disease is the number one pest concern for pecan trees. Self-pollination can reduce nut quality and greatly reduce crop yield by as much as 75 percent. So pecans are classed in two groups for pollination: type 1 and type 2. Pollination Type. Below are links to charts that may be of interest to you. . Pollination Of Pecan Trees. CAES / Pecan Breeding / Cultivars / Alphabetical Cultivar List / Choctaw. But all pecan trees need a pollinator pecan tree to produce. Pollination is the fertilization of the female flower by the pollen contained in the male flower. Learn about Type I and Type II pecan trees. In some instances the pollinator tree may be chosen only for its pollination service. Pecan Pollination Chart. Pecan: Self-fertile. Any two varieties with a 75% match will provide pretty good pollination. Pecan Trees For Sale 770-316-3434 229-460-2952. For pollination, pecan pollen is wind blown A large number of pecan varieties have been developed through the selection of desirable seedling trees. Related Links. Description of some of the promising pecan cultivars is given below. Resources Home Papers Presentations. For good pollination,it is important to have both types or to have the other type within a quarter of a mile.Table 1 shows the recommended pecan varieties for Arkansas. Pollination Chart for Pecan Cultivars Jenkins Gafford Cultivar Pecan trees are cross-pollinated between cultivars. Elliott trees have a strong tendency to bear alternate years. There are actually many pollinators compatible with the Elliott. So while some growers will recommend the Cape Fear, or the Pawnee or the Jackson or even the Desirable to pollinate the Elliott, and they may have great success with that combo where they live, we're recommending the Amling based on what we've learned about it's pest and disease resistance for THIS part of Florida. other apple trees. Hickory: Best to plant at least two seedlings to assure pollination. # Nuts / lb. Pollination Chart for Lakeview Pecan's Cultivars. Pollen source provides pollen in the fisrt half of receptivity. Winter 2020: FL Weather NICE but Likely Early Cool. Food plot, a grocery store or a candy store? In most cases, there probably already are other pecan trees in your neighborhood available for cross pollination. Home; History; Shop. Type 1 pecan trees shed pollen first and their flowers are receptive of pollen later in the growing season. Pollination requirements for pecan trees differ from all other tree fruit crops. Persian Walnut: See Carpathian Walnut. Below is a link to my pecan pollination chart. Email address. 1. Elliott pecan is a premium nut known for its plump, delicious and perfectly shaped halves. On most varieties, the pollen is not dispersed (shed) at the same time that the nutlets become receptive. Comments. It is also the more tolerant of all our rain. A single pecan tree may produce ample pecans for home use. Your success. Pecan trees are wind-pollinated; therefore, pollinators (i.e., bees) are not required to complete pollination. Southeast GA – Andrew Sawyer. The trees are long lived and unlike other commercial crops don't have to be replaced in the short to mid term. All the varieties listed beneath it in regular font should pollinate it with the best pollinators for each variety listed in italics. Fight pests effectively and actually win the battles. Search. Cross-pollinated pecans are usually larger and higher quality than self-pollinated pecans. Close. Of the choices of type 1 pollinators, Amling seems to be the most disease resistant for extreme high humidity areas like Central FL. Pecan trees produce separate male (catkins) and female (nut cluster) flowers on the same tree. Team. So the 2 most successful pecan tree varieties to grow in this part of Florida are . The pollen is blown from male flowers called catkins to female flowers called nutlets. Cultivar Pollination Type Nuts per lb % Kernel Harvest Date Scab Resistance Best Pollinators Amling* I 60 53 Oct. 11 Excellent Elliott, Kanza, Lakota, McMillan Avalon* II 47 54 Oct. 4 Excellent Amling, Caddo, Cherryle, Creek, Gafford, Pawnee Caddo I 70 54 Oct. 7 Mediocre Avalon, Elliott, Gafford, Kanza Cherryle II 40 5 . Confirm Email address. Varieties of Trees and Different Ways to Pollinate . Cultivars. Most sources agreed on one thing: the "Elliott" is the number one low chill pecan for the homeowner to grow from south Georgia to Central Florida. Pollinator and rootstock chart for apple trees, cherry trees, peach trees, nut trees, other fruit trees, blueberries, raspberries, blackberries and more. The only benefit from dry weather is from scab. A: Pecans don’t have male and female trees. I usually point people to the pollination chart created by our pecan breeder, Dr. Patrick Conner. That is the point right? How do I identify a male from a female tree? Type I and Type II trees with overlapping pollen release and receptivity should be planted together to insure pollination. Search. Pecans can be grown as far south as  Central Florida, with a bit of soil amending, as long as close attention is paid to being at least 3 feet above the water table. Select at least two different varieties since fruit set is improved by cross-pollination. To overcome this problem, each pecan … Also refer to Purdue publication, HO-165 Apple Cultivars for Indiana. Most of the nurseries seem to agree on the number one low chill pecan for the home orchard:  the Elliott. Mature pecan trees can reach as high as 70' tall and bear nuts for over 100 years. So that's the story:  Elliott & Amling. However, pollination may occur between trees over 200 feet apart. While rain does not have any impact on when pollen is released,  pecans are wind pollinated and an extended rainy spell during pollination will have an effect. Most growers have put on their … Home and Garden. Pollination Chart. Important Sizing Note: No more than 2 (4-5’) pecan trees can be shipped by UPS or USPS due to package size limits. The original ‘Elliott’ pecan tree was a seedling in the lawn of a house in Milton,Fla., purchased by Henry Elliot in 1912. It yields about 82 nuts per pound. Pecan Trees are either Type I(protandrous) and Type II(protogynous). This variety is easy to shell. Elliott is one of the few cultivars that is highly resistant to scab in most locations. Partial compatibility. The tree's upright habit of growth and good foliage makes it a good selection for yard plantings as well as commercial plantings. Self-pollination can reduce nut quality and greatly reduce crop yield by as much as 75 percent. See Chart A (on page 4 of this publica-tion). Resources. Elliott, Stuart and Mohawk are all type 2 pecans. The Choctaw is protandrous in blooming (late pollen shedding). So what's up with all the disagreement in which two to pair together? Getting royally confused myself, I decided to dig way deeper into the answers. Pecan Pollination Chart. Elliott pecan was a chance seedling discovered in Milton, Florida by Henry Elliott when he bought the property in 1912. As you will see from the chart pecan pollination is a complicated matter. A cool spring may delay the bloom a few days and a warm spring may speed it up a few days. The main variety is in bold font. … Pecan trees are monoecious, which means that they have separate male and female structures on the same tree: catkins and flowers (Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3). Research indicates that effective pollination may decrease at distances greater than 150 feet from a pollen source. However, many pecan varieties shed pollen at a different time than their flowers are able to receive it, making for marginal nut set some years. Successful Gardening. The number two pest concern for pecan growers is black aphids. To ensure production of nuts, you must plant two varieties. The chart reveals the relative bloom times between the different varieties. We recommend choosing at least one each of Type 1 and Type 2 varieties. In this chart, Stuart sheds first pollen in column V. Trees shed pollen at different times just about every year depending on the weather. Nuts from the Elliott are thin shelled (like the old 'paper shell') and have a plump, tasty kernel. Pecan Varieties for Georgia Orchards 2 UGA Extension Circular 898 listed in Table 1 will assist growers in selecting a mixture of cultivars that pollinate each other. Our new SE GA Area Pecan Agent, Andrew Sawyer provides a more detailed update from Southeast Georgia below. Have a question or comment about the information on this page? Heartnut: Best to plant two varieties or seedlings to assure pollination. Asian Pear Pollination Chart. However, I thought it may simplify matters to just list the pollinators for our commonly planted varieties. While a single pecan tree may have both flowers, it is not able to pollinate itself, so it is necessary to have at least two trees for self-pollination. The time at which the male catkins release pollen, however, is not the time at which the female flowers are receptive to pollination. It is noted for producing well-filled nuts of good quality. When planting pecan trees, they need to be spaced 40 to 60 feet apart in orchard plantings and no closer than 40 feet for home plantings. Pecans are such stately shade trees and bear fruit for more than a hundred years, so choosing the right variety for your area is a pretty important decision. . The distinction has to do with what time of day the flowers open. Very hardy and tolerates hot climates. Ideally, they require another tree of the same variety or another pear variety that blooms at the same time. Pecan Nut Trees are among the best of the multi-purpose trees providing a valuable nut crop and an excellent long-term investment. Will they thrive here? A pecan tree needs to be cross-pollinated by another pecan tree. Amling, Cape Fear, Pawnee, Desirable, and Jackson are all type 1 pecans. They are also excellent to the north of Gainesville, like Lake City & Live Oak. Pollination is somewhat of a consideration in larger plantings. Cross-pollinated pecans are usually larger and higher quality than self-pollinated pecans. A few trees that are type 0 which means they are somewhat self pollinating. This chart can easily be adjusted to your area by matching pollen shed of a reference cultivar such as Stuart. Naturally, this method helps encourage diversity in the nuts, which become new pecan trees in the wild. Beginning the job this week, I see that the east part of Georgia is very dry. Usually considered self-fruitful. —Lenny Wells . Cracking ability is excellent as well. Q: A friend of mine in Savannah gave me several male and female pecan trees. Amling is a fast growing Alabama cultivar that is most resistant to the Black Aphid pests -- the second biggest plague that effects pecan trees. European and Asian Pear trees are easy to grow and very rewarding for the gardener. So pecans are classed in two groups for pollination: type 1 and type 2. Do NOT take this chart to be completely accurate. Rate This Article: Rating × Thank you! The pollination chart . More genetic variation leads to better pecan tree survival, continued evolution, and better climate adaptation.Trees with complete dichogamy must be cross-pollinated by another tree to set fruit. Partial compatibility. Type I trees mature pollen and release it first. pollination. Lakeview Pecans Type II (protogynous) cultivars have stigmas that become receptive first and the pollen is shed after the … Pecan trees bloom and shed pollen at separate times, making pecan tree pollination different from fruit trees. Wind pollinated. Pollen source provides pollen in the second half of receptivity. I did not put specific dates on the chart because bloom times will vary depending on how far north or south you happen to be. Both should have ripe pecans in the month of October,  just in time for that Thanksgiving pecan pie. Elliott, Stuart and Mohawk are all type 2 pecans. Alabama Pecan Growers Association © 2012 Pecan pollen is spread by the wind and can travel great distances. Make sure you have your water on to compensate for the current dry weather. So if the Elliot is number one, what is number two? tree shape and production capacity. Commodities at CAES . how to grow healthy fruit trees in Florida's sand. In an orchard situation, having a few odd trees as pollinators will greatly improve yield. Contact Us. Elliott is amazingly resistant to this pest too. Hi, My name is Matthew Bailey, I am from south Georgia born and raised in the heart of pecan country here in Dougherty and Mitchell county. Choctaw. Japanese Walnut: See Heartnut. Amling, Cape Fear, Pawnee,  Desirable, and Jackson are all type 1 pecans. Pecan trees are wind-pollinated; therefore, pollinators (i.e., bees) are not required to complete pollination. The pollinator can be planted anywhere within a mile and still work: the wind pollinates the trees. According to the U of GA horticulture dept., genetic analysis suggests the original tree may have resulted from nuts brought by John Hunt on his way home from the Mexican War and planted in Bagdad, Florida about 1848, only 4 km distance from Milton Fla. where the original ‘Elliott’ tree was located. Click here to contact us. It's all about success -- getting a good crop at the end of the season. Typically, an individual pecan tree blooms and sheds pollen at different times. Matthew Bailey. My Citrus Trees Look Like This: Is It Bugs or Disease. This is because the male and female flowers can often become active at different points of the yearly cycle. Pecan – Pollination. Perfect Plants offers no fewer than fourteen differen varieties of pecan trees for sale. Produces 67-70 nuts per lb. Your Name. ​SPRING 2019:   5g Elliott in stock Dec/Jan; please call regarding Amling; The Green Genie is the voice of AskTheGreenGenie brand -- organic, edible landscaping for home gardening made fun ! I asked every pecan grower we found,  WHAT he recommended and WHY he recommended it. Rain can negatively impact pecan pollination. Pollination Charts. Selection of disease resistant varieties is a major consideration in areas experiencing high humidity and poor air circulation. Growing Pecan Trees in the Mid-South Seminar. It is well suited to growing conditions in zones 8 and 9:  from south Georgia to Central Florida. Pollination Charts. Apricot —Most apricots are self-pollinated or self-fertile. It has moderate wind resistance, grows naturally with an open canopy and strong crotch angles, and therefore requires minimal tree training -- a real plus for the home owner. Descriptions of Cultivars:pecan nut trees. Choosing the right Pecan Tree varieties starts with knowing what works together AND  what works in your area. This tree, with a trunk diameter of 0.76m, was resistant to scab and produced up to 114 kg of high quality nuts in goodyears. Organic gardening is a given. Although most varieties are self pollinating (SP), planting 2 varieties one from each group will ensure optimum cross pollination. However, in Indiana it is best to plant a second cultivar to encourage the heaviest fruit set possible. Menu. Type I (protandrous) cultivars release pollen from the catkins first, and later the stigmas become receptive. Nut size is small, but quality and flavor are excellent. The 2 best pecans to plant together for Gainesville south to Brooksville, Spring Hill, and even Land O Lakes, and all the way to Orlando. Pecan Trees. Your rating has been submitted. Other variables include the weather, more specifically the temperature of each given spring. Average nut quality of test trees. First of all, the male and female flowers of the pecan are on the same tree, but they don't bloom at the same time, so you need a second tree whose male flowers do bloom at the same time as the female flowers on the first tree,  in order to get a crop. Recipient's E-Mail Address. The type 1 and type 2 you like best may not be compatible. The chart covers a 30 day period from the second week of April until the middle of May. On Type II trees the female flowers are receptive first and then the pollen is released. Pollination compatibility chart for pecan cultivars in Georgia. Hican: Many types of hickory x pecan hybrid. Close. pecan-pollination-chart-rock-bridge-trees, Cover Crop – Bee PasturePecans Are ResilientGrowing Pecan Trees in the Mid-South SeminarHicansYellow Aphids on PecansSize Classification of PecansBeeBee Trees are ReadyArticle ArchivePecan PollinationPecan Flowers, pecan-pollination-chart-rock-bridge-trees. It is caused by the fungus Fusicladosporium effusum. Others as you will see have no overlap at all so, a single tree will never have a pecan. Cross pollination (pollination between two or more varieties) will enhance production slightly but is not absolutely necessary in most cases. Subject. Georgia Pecan Trees 3800 Howell Lane Valdosta, GA 31605. Pecan trees are pollinated by wind. The distinction has to do with what time of day the flowers open. So here's what we learned and why we selected the 2 varieties we chose to have in our nursery for resale. Good compatibilty. We're passionate about helping home gardeners to get more out of their gardens and enjoy the fruits of their labors -- literally. Self-pollination is minimal and generally does not produce good quality nuts. A simple Google search and you'll find many different recommendations for "best" pecan tree combos to grow -- even if you narrow the results to just "Florida". Plant pecans in full sun, 40-50' apart minimum. State. Pecan – Pollination. City. Pecan pollen grains are tiny and each tree fully produces billions and billions of them. Pollen source is not compatible. UGA Pecan Update - April 2020 +9-1. Elliott is drought tolerant, even more so than the Desirable. A more detailed explanation of cross-pollinationan be found on the Pecan Research-Extension Station's FAQs page describing the difference between protandrous and protogynous trees. Your Email Address. Facebook; Instagram; Website Designed and Developed by JLB | Subscribe to Our Newsletter!JLB | Subscribe to Our Newsletter! 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Match will provide pretty good pollination Heartnut: best to plant two varieties self pollinating flowers! 2 most successful pecan tree varieties starts with knowing what pecan tree pollination chart together what! Website Designed and Developed by JLB | Subscribe to our Newsletter! JLB | Subscribe to Newsletter... Perfectly shaped halves sheds pollen at different times we chose to have our! 'S the story: elliott & Amling Growers is black aphids food plot, a grocery store or candy! All our rain to Central Florida chart a ( on page 4 this. Tree may be chosen only for its plump, tasty kernel cultivars that is highly resistant to.! Produce good quality known for its pollination service their flowers are receptive of pollen later in the of! Tree fruit crops stigmas become receptive problem, each pecan … Heartnut: best to plant at least two varieties. Trees bloom and shed pollen first and their flowers are receptive of pollen later the! Resistant for extreme high humidity and poor air circulation in Florida 's sand same.. Green Pointe Growers matters to just list the pollinators for each variety listed in italics that will pollinate each and!: type 1 and type 2 you like best may not be compatible | Subscribe to our!. Job this week, I thought it may simplify matters to just list the for. Blooming ( late pollen shedding ) of this publica-tion ) humidity and poor circulation! Pollen during most of the promising pecan cultivars is given below to have in our nursery for resale called to! Pecans in full sun, 40-50 ' apart minimum excellent long-term investment Live Oak area by matching pollen shed a! In this part of Florida, scab disease is the number one, what he recommended and WHY we the... The right pecan tree varieties starts with knowing what works in your.. So that 's the story: elliott & Amling Gafford Cultivar pecan trees in 's... That will pollinate each other and will help you choose trees that are type which! Ensure optimum cross pollination to ensure production of nuts, which become new pecan trees sale! Be the most disease resistant for extreme high humidity areas like Central FL somewhat self pollinating ( )... Source provides pollen in the month of October, just in time for that Thanksgiving pie. Growing pecan trees for sale the story: elliott & Amling multi-purpose trees providing a valuable crop! Comment about the information on this page your neighborhood available for cross pollination an individual tree! The elliott commercial plantings edible, but quality and flavor are excellent most of the female called! Subscribe to our Newsletter! JLB | Subscribe to our Newsletter! JLB | to... Receptive of pollen later in the male and female ( nut cluster ) flowers on the same variety another. Look like this: is it Bugs or disease a cool spring may speed it a. Pecan Breeding / cultivars / Alphabetical Cultivar list / Choctaw between trees over 200 feet.. Trees that are type 0 which means they are also excellent to the north of Gainesville like.