Electronic publication on the NewCROPS web site. The digestibility and voluntary intake by sheep of six tropical grasses. Effects of urea and saccharose on intake and digestion of a, Archimede, H. ; Poncet, C. ; Boval, M. ; Nipeau, F. ; Philibert, L. ; Xande, A. ; Aumont, G., 1999. Eugène M, Sauvant D, Weisbecker JL, Archimède H: Effects of defaunation on digestion of fresh Digitaria decumbens grass and growth of lambs. The origin and introduction of Pangola grass Digitaria decumbens (Stent) into the Caribbean islands is described. All groups of cattle were pen fed Pangola grass hay (Digitaria eriantha) at the rate of 2% of live weight per day adjusted weekly on the basis of the previous week’s live weights. (2006) reported that the average milk yield of cows fed pangola grass-based diets was approximately 16 kg/day; the milk had 3.51 - 3.61% fat, 2.93 - 2.94% protein, 5.02 - 5.04% lactose and 11.97 - 12.00% total solids. Cavalcade), leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala) and Desmanthus (Desmanthus virgatus) have been the most successful grass and legume species and are commonly found in Southeast Asia, especially in Thailand. ‘Pangola’ responds well to nitrogen, giving linear increases up to 300-350 kg/ha N. However, other types also respond well to improved nitrogen fertility, but perhaps not to the same extent as ‘Pangola’. CSIRO, DPI&F(Qld), CIAT and ILRI, Brisbane, Australia, de Vega, A. ; Poppi, D. P., 1997. They also reported greater (P < 0.05) in vitro gas production and insoluble but slowly degradable (b) fraction of pangola grass, as well as lower b fraction in Guinea and Bermuda grasses. A., 1983. Bangkok: Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2006:315-326. J. Agric. Yields range from about 10 to 20 t/ha and may exceed 30 t/ha under ideal conditions. Lee MJ, Hwang SY, Chiou PWS: Metabolisable energy of roughage in Taiwan. Sci., 20 (3): 231-237, Jerez, I. ; Menchaca, M. A. ; Rivero, J. L., 1987. J. Agric. Agric. Effect of different species and mixtures of pastures on milk production. Lee CF, Buu RH, Shy YM, Chen MC: The nutritive value of pangola grass A253 at different stages of growth. Digestion by sheep of silages prepared from mixtures of tropical grasses and legumes. 2011). Ranchers in Central and South Florida have been well served for many years by ‘pangola’ and other cultivars of digit grass. Thailand, which lies between 5°30' and 20°30'N and 98° and 105°E, has approximately 0.6 million dairy cattle, 6.5 million beef cattle and 1.2 million buffalo; about 3.4 million families raise these animals on 184,400 ha of forage (Department of Livestock Development 2011), mostly on natural pastures and crop residues. Common to all tropical grasses, nutritional value and chemical composition of pangola vary with several factors such as differences in stage of cutting, fertilizer, location, climate and environment. Feeding tables. Digitaria umfolozi is not recognized by major taxonomic authorities, but is sometimes described as a stoloniferous species with hairy leaves, up to 70 cm tall, from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and is probably synonymous with Digitaria eriantha. Agric. Nestel BL, Creek MJ: Pangola grass. More specifically, Archimède et al. J. Agric. Quantitative studies of the digestion of tropical and temperate forages by sheep. (2000) have shown that it was mainly the CP content of pangola grass that decreased with maturity. SSA Feeds - Sub-saharan Africa feed composition database. The nutritional value of some tropical grasses. Anim. Etude des facteurs limitant l’ingestion chez les petits ruminants valorisant des fourrages tropicaux. (2012) reported that methane emissions from bulls that received good quality pangola hay (28-day growth period) were significantly lower (P < 0.05) than those of bulls fed medium quality hay (45-day growth period). J Agric 2011, 27: 69-76. Grassland Index. Cook BG, Pengelly BC, Brown SD, Donnelly JL, Eagles DA, Franco MA, Hanson J, Mullen BF, Partridge IJ, Peters M, Schultze-Kraft R: Tropical forages: an interactive selection tool. In Jamaica, Creek and Nestel (1965) found that pangola grazed at 32-day intervals produced more DM and more body weight gain than when grazed at 40-day intervals. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. Central Research Station, Mazabuka, N. Rhodesia. Pointe-à-Pitre, INRA, 1989: 3-10, Champannet, F., 1989. Pangola grass, common finger grass, digit grass, woolly finger grass, smuts finger grass, giant pangola grass, pongola grass [English]; digitaire, pangola [French]; pasto pangola, pangola gigante [Spanish]; gewone vingergras [Afrikaans]; pangolagras [German]. Crude protein (CP) values of pangola grass are commonly in the range of 5 to 12% of dry matter (DM; Table 1) but may exceed 15% of DM with young regrowth age and intensive fertilization (Heuzé et al. $55 Inc per tray located Childers. Digitaria eriantha is a perennial grass. Vendramini JMB, Newman YC, Sollenberger LE: Digitgrasses. Optimal growth conditions are annual rainfall ranging from 700 to 4000 mm/year, temperatures from 15.9 to 27.8°C and soil pH from 4.3 to 8.5 (Duke, 1983). Many studies have been made on the chemical composition of pangola utilized fresh or preserved as hay or silage (Table 1). Chaichaum W, Kanthapanit C, Wanapiyarat S, Chomchai N: Utilization of pangola grass as a roughage source in finishing beef steer. Karl-Heinz Südekum. Milk production from three tropical pastures: Coast cross Bermuda grass No. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production. Growth of steers grazed solely on tropical grasses. Differences between sheep and cattle in digestibility, voluntary intake and retention time in the rumen of three tropical grasses. 2010). However, in horse grazing pangola pastures, cases of bighead disease (nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism caused by interference of oxalate in pangola grass with mineral utilization in horses) have been recorded (Stewart et al. Sci., 82: 419-422, Rees, M. C. ; Minson, D. J., 1976. Trop. The average CP content of pangola (7.9%) is low compared to those of Pennisetum purpureum cv. It is tolerant of drought but low rainfall is the main limiting factor for production range and yield. of pangola grass in fresh or preserved (hay and silage) forms to ruminant animals showed beneficial results. Selecting for nutritive value in, Minson, D. J., 1967. The CP values of pangola therefore depend on the stage of growth. 2012). Accessed May 11, 2013, Ebersohn JP, Lee GR: The impact of sown pastures on cattle numbers in Queensland. P. Rico, 67 (3): 317-327, Archimede, H. ; Aumont, G. ; Saminadin, G. ; Depres, E. ; Despois, P. ; Xande, A., 1999. 44, 297 309, CGIAR, 2009. The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. Chaiwang N, Apichartsrungkoon T, Chomchai N, Prakotrat D, Pugdeethai K, Chaichaum W, Wicke M, Jaturasitha S: Carcass and beef quality of white Lamphun and Brahman crossbred cattle fed with pangola grass. Effect of copra expeller pellet supplementation on the flow of nutrients from the rumen of sheep fed low-quality pangola grass (, Gargano, A. O. ; Adúriz, M. A. ; Arelovich, H. M. ; Amela, M. I., 2001. 2. The project was called the “Na Yaa” project in Thai. It grows relatively well in various soils, but grows especially well in moist soils. (2009) reported higher in vitro gas production (P < 0.05) for pangola grass, compared with 30% less gas in other grasses (Guinea, Bermuda and Tanzania grasses). Jurnal IImu Ternak dan Veteriner 2009, 14: 110-117. It is often considered to be one of the higher quality tropical grasses (Cook et al., 2005). Raising beef cattle and dairy cows on high-quality pasture grass is also beneficial both nutritionally and economically. J. Agric. Husb., 29: 333-337, Holm, J., 1971. During the cool season, especially at higher elevations, the productivity of pangola grass is very low, and a rotation cycle of 60 days or more is recommended (Fukumoto et al., 2003). It is tolerant to droughts, water lodging, suppresses weeds and grows relatively quickly post grazing. Silage. J. Agric. Pangola is recommended for the poorly drained soils in Malaysia and the Philippines and is tolerant of flooding (Hacker 1992). A. ; Quinones Torres, R., 1983. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. 9th Int. A project by INRA, CIRAD and AFZ with the support of FAO; 2011. http://trc.zootechnie.fr/node/461. Study of two strip grazing methods for milk production. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/461 Last updated on May 11, 2015, 14:30, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), African couch grass (Digitaria abyssinica), Arizona cottontop (Digitaria californica), Milanje finger grass (Digitaria milanjiana), Woolly finger grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud. In the Caribbean, on pasture receiving more than 400 kg of N fertilizer per hectare, production of 100 kg DM/ha/day have been recorded during the long day season against 50 kg DM/ha/day during the short day season. Aust Equine Vet 2010, 29: 55-62. 47(3)–0514–182). September 1- December 15. Phunphiphat W: The use of pangola silage for beef cattle. In conclusion, pangola grass is a promising forage and a source of high quality feed for ruminant animals in tropical countries. Newbold. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud., synonym D. decumbens) is one of recent examples of grasses that have been successfully introduced to Southeast Asia and is often considered as one of the highest quality tropical grasses popularly grown as pasture. 3. Pangola grass has relatively high concentrations of sodium in its tissues, compared with many other tropical grasses. FAO, Rome, Italy, Ferreira, W. M. ; Santiago, G. S., 1999. At Parada in North Queensland, Australia, a body weight gain of 2,990 kg/(ha × year) was obtained from grazing irrigated pangola grass fertilized with 672 kg N/(ha × year); (Ebersohn and Lee 1972). Available at http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/dukeindex.html. (Trinidad), 38 (3): 189, Butterworth, M. H., 1963. minor Stent, Digitaria pentzii var. II. Large variations are reported for in vivo total tract digestibility, ranging between 40 and 70%. 10.1079/NRR19900016. Moreover, Tuikampee et al. 'Pangola' has relatively high concentrations of Na in its tissues, compared with many other tropical grasses. CP values are commonly of the order of 9‒14%, and may exceed 20%, and IVDMD 45‒70%. Anim. Pastos y Forrajes, 7 (2): 239-250, Walker, C. A., 1975. Privacy By using this website, you agree to our Accessed 19 August, 2013. small burrgrass) •In the grazing situation the main small number of weeds (e.g. Aust. It produces stolons (runners), which root at the nodes. Zootec., 28 (1): 113-117, Ford, B. D., 1981. (2010) fed Spear and Mitchell grass hays (low quality tropical forage) to steers and observed lower microbial CP (MCP) production (80 and 170 g MCP/day, respectively) and efficiency of MCP production (78 and 79 g MCP/kg digestible organic matter (DOM), respectively) than when steers were fed pangola grass (328 g MCP/day; 102 g MCP/kg DOM) and ryegrass (627 g MCP/day; 135 g MCP/kg DOM) hays, which was directly related to the supply of DOM and rumen-degradable CP. 2, p. 187. SpringerPlus 2, 604 (2013). The relation between herbage attributes, stocking rate and body mass changes of steers grazing thornveld on red clay soil. This taxon comprises many morphologically different types that were once (and sometimes still are) considered to be separate species. Pasture Grass Seed - Pasture grass seed varieties for premium, low input and economical pasture grass seed applications. J. Exp. The inflorescence has one to two whorls with 5 to 10 spikes that are up to 13 cm long each, with many spikelets 2.70 to 3.00 mm long (Bogdan 1977). (2007) reported that the 56-day old grasses were characterised by lower CP and higher fibre contents as compared to 21-day old grasses. Technote. In: Xandé, A.; Alexandre, G. During the dry season, grasses and legumes stop growing so the farmers need to find alternative roughages for their animals. This data again suggest a considerable variation even for pangola harvested after similar or the same length of the growth period but, as already stated for chemical composition, data do not allow to clearly identifying the reason for this variation. Accessed 19 August, 2013. II. 1986, No. This study was financially supported by the Institute of Animal Science, University of Bonn. The effects of, Artus, F. ; Champannet, F., 1989. Hancock has everything you need to keep your cattle well-fed! Pangola is a stoloniferous perennial and when established, it spreads rapidly by stolons. 1983, 186-187. Pangola grass, Para (Brachiaria mutica), Ruzi (Brachiaria ruziziensis), Purple guinea (Panicum maximum TD 58), Napier (Pennisetum purpureum), Atratum (Paspalum atratum), Mulato (Brachiaria hybrid cv. eriantha, Digitaria eriantha subsp. Pangola is a ideal pasture to plant to assist with the control of Giant rats tail grass and to control erosion once established it forms a dense coverage which helps to reduce germination of seed. Studies on the improvement of systems of segregation of areas for conservation in milk production. pentzii (Stent) Kok, Digitaria eriantha subsp. Grassl., 17 (4): 156-163, Tjandraatmadja, M. ; Macrae, I. C. ; Norton, B. W., 1993. California Privacy Statement, CGIAR Systemwide Livestock Programme, Champannet, F., 1989. Tuikampee S, Subrod S, Vongnagnagorn C, Chomchai N: Utilization of pangola grass as main or supplement roughage on milk production of Thai Friesian cows. Juárez Reyes AS, Cerrillo Soto MA, Gutiérrez Ornelas E, Romero Treviño EM, Colín Negrete J, Bernal Barragán H: Assessment of the nutritional value of tropical grasses obtained from conventional analyses and in vitro gas production. Pastos y Forrajes 1980, 3: 147-161. Small Rumin Res 2000, 36: 251-259. Stems are up to 120 cm high. Fatty acid, % of total fatty acids. Publ. SIBBICK*, P.N. Particle size and buoyancy in relation to voluntary intake. Pangola grass is a good source of forage and can be fed fresh or preserved as hay or silage. Pastos y Forrajes, 7 (1): 95-109, FAO, 2009. Hacker JB: Digitaria eriantha Steudel. Pangola was adapted from the Philippines to areas of Thailand by the Animal Nutrition Division in 1983, and released for cultivation at Pakchong Animal Nutrition Center (which later changed its name to Nakhonratchasima Animal Nutrition Research and Development Center) and redistributed to all areas in Thailand. Forage yield and nutritive value of, Garza, T. R. ; Portugal, G. A. ; Aluja, S. A. , 1978. Effect of stocking rate on the location of storage carbohydrates in the stubble of tropical grasses. COPEMAN**, and MRS. J. Pangola is a very palatable grass that is read-ily consumed by livestock (beef, dairy cattle and horses) Res., 33: 629-636, Rodriguez Femenia, P. ; Menendez, J., 1985. 21-40, Kennedy, P. M., 1995. Fertilizer calcium as a factor affecting the voluntary intake, digestibility and retention time of pangola grass (, Rees, M. C. ; Minson, D. J., 1978. Pangola grass tolerates a wide range of soil moisture, pH, and soil fertility. Pangola gave the highest average daily gain (ADG) for cattle, while Guinea grass was the second highest. J. Agric. Its culms are simple or branched, 35 to 180 cm tall. Bangkok: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2011. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud., synonym D. decumbens) is one of recent examples of grasses that have been successfully introduced to Southeast Asia and is often considered as one of the highest quality tropical grasses popularly grown as pasture. Thrives best when grown in full sun or well-drained moist soils, but good growth can be obtained on soils ranging from sands to heavy clays. Bras. Regular grazing (2-3 week intervals) at 10-15 cm to 30-40 cm height is necessary to maintain the quality of pangola grass (Cook et al., 2005). Sci., 63 (3): 319-321, Caceres, O. ; Kalous, J, 1986. The common name for D. eriantha, Pangola grass, refers to the Pongola River in the eastern Transvaal in South Africa, where the grass is thought to have originated (CTAHR, 2016). The common problem of the farmers is the scarcity of good quality forage and the sometimes very high prices during the dry season. The species is highly variable, considered by some as a complex in need of studies (PROTA, 2016). Effect of stocking rate on milk production. Archimède H, Boval M, Alexandre G, Xandé A, Aumont G, Poncet C: Effect of regrowth age on intake and digestion of Digitaria decumbens consumed by Black-belly sheep. DEANS*, G.D. CHOPPING*, R.S. Animal production studies in Jamaica. Panjaitan T, Quigley SP, McLennan SR, Swain T, Poppi DP: Intake, retention time in the rumen and microbial protein production of Bos indicus steers consuming grasses varying in crude protein content. Livestock Management 4, Apr. Harare, Zimbabwe; Department of Research and Specialist Services, Duke, J. Effect of maturity on the relative palatability of some tropical grasses. Archimede et al., 1999; Archimède et al., 2000; Archimede et al., 2001; Aumont et al., 1991; Baldwin et al., 1975; Butterworth, 1963; Caceres et al., 1986; CGIAR, 2009; Chenost, 1975; CIRAD, 1991; Holm, 1971; INFIC, 1978; Lin et al., 1988; Pozy et al., 1996; Tedeschi et al., 2001; Xandé et al., 1989, Archimede et al., 1999; Archimede et al., 1999; Butterworth et al., 1965; Butterworth, 1963; CIRAD, 1991; de Vega et al., 1997; Galgal et al., 1994; Hogan et al., 1989; Hunter et al., 1985; Hunter et al., 1986; Hunter et al., 1987; Kennedy, 1995; Minson, 1967; Minson, 1971; Perez-Maldonado et al., 1996; Rees et al., 1974; Rees et al., 1976; Rees et al., 1978; Rees et al., 1980; Rees et al., 1982; Tomkins et al., 1991; Walker, 1975, Heuzé V., Tran G., Archimède H., 2015. Creek MJ, Nestel BL: The effect of grazing cycle duration on live-weight output and chemical composition of pangóla grass (Digitaria decumbens Stent) in Jamaica. Univ. The production of pangola grass pasture is sensitive to photoperiodism. Common names for pangola are pangola grass (American and Australian English and Thai), finger grass, digit grass, woolly finger grass (English), digitaria (French), pangolagras (German), pasto pangola (Spanish), pangola digit grass (Florida). 1999), mostly with nitrogen fertilization rather than a companion legume. Anim Feed Sci Technol 2000, 87: 153-162. Lee et al. Sci., 60 (3): 341-346, Butterworth, M. H., 1964. Dr. Y. Anele is acknowledged for language editing. Fertilizer sulphur as a factor affecting voluntary intake, digestibility and retention time of pangola grass (, Rees, M. C. ; Little, D. A., 1980. 2. Criteria White Lamphun Brahman crossbred SEM 1 P-value. Agronomy Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. J. Chinese Soc. These stolons can grow to up to 2 or 3 m during a wet season. In Wet season silage production at Taminmin High School, Northern Territory, Australia. Seventy-one percent of the total decrease occurred between 14 and 28 days with the corresponding values for neutral detergent fibre and acid detergent fibre of 75 and 69%. (Eds.). J. Agric. 4. Anim Prod Sci 2010, 50: 444-448. Digitaria eriantha is sometimes stoloniferous or tufted and rhizomatous. São Paulo: Grassl. Several authors subsequently showed that pangola could efficiently serve as a protein supplement to such diets. Institute of Animal Science, University of Bonn, Endenicher Allee 15, 53115, Bonn, Germany, Department of Animal and Aquatic Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand, Chirawat Phatsara, Choke Mikled & Therdchai Vearasilp, Lampang Animal Nutrition Research and Development Center, Lampang, 52190, Thailand, Bureau of Animal Nutrition Development, Ratchathewi, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand, Tropical Feed Resources Research and Development Center (TROFREC), Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand, You can also search for this author in Sci., 94: 483-485, Rees, M. C. ; Minson, D. J., 1982. Last updated on April 21, 2011, 15:25. Large variations in voluntary dry matter consumptions are also reported between 50 and 90 g/kg W0.75 in sheep (Cook et al., 2005). The stoloniferous types provide good ground cover for soil conservation. Annual Report Year 2008 (Technical Document No. Congr; 1965:7. Performance of different pasture species with grazing dairy cows. J. Exp. Bangkok: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2006. J Taiwan Livest Res 1990, 23: 57-61. Cattle weight changes on pangola/T.S. In: Pâturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide, 65-76. Pangola is a very palatable grass that is readily consumed by livestock (beef, dairy cattle and horses) as grazed pasture or hay (Vendramini et al. Accessed 19 August, 2013. Pangola grass is widely used as roughage for livestock to obtain quality and safety of meat and milk. Thus, pangola is regarded as one of the most digestible and highest quality tropical grasses and expected to be good feed for ruminant animals. 4. Currently, the guideline for the production of quality Pangola Grass and field management is not established. Brisbane: CIAT and ILRI; 2005. Songklanakarin J Sci Technol 2011, 33: 281-289. It became obvious that more systematic and comparative studies are needed before this goal can be achieved. The leaf blades are 5-60 cm long, 2-14 mm wide, glabrous or hairy. Kaewkunya C, Meenongyai W, Vaduancai D, Puttaisong W: The use of lablab bean as high quality roughage on sheep productive performance. Pangolagrass for forage. 2002, 12: 9. (Eds.). 49(1)–(49:2,2.1)0514–058). Bangkok: Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2004. Mulato), Hamata stylo (Stylosanthes hamata cv.Verano), Stylo 184 (Stylosanthes guianensis CIAT 184), Cavalcade centurion (Centrosema pascuorum cv. Aust. Heuzé V, Tran G, Archimède H: Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). Forages on the island are Bermuda-cross, Antigua, African star and Pangola grass and the legume Stylosanthes. Agric. Juárez Reyes et al. The authors would like to thank all members of Bureau of Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives Thailand for all of their help, advice and information provided for this review. 10.1016/S0377-8401(99)00089-9. Panjaitan et al. If used as a supplement to low-CP forage or mixed diets based on, e.g., straw, CP concentrations above 15% of DM (see previous section) can be accepted as the greater proportion of non-protein-nitrogen in the CP of intensively fertilized forage can be effectively converted by rumen microbes into microbial amino acids, and finally, microbial protein (review by Leng 1990). Digestibility trials on forages in Trinidad and their use in the prediction of nutritive value. Bangkok: Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2007:165-185. Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. Trop. Effect of supplementation on yearlings grazing pangola grass (, Antoni Padilla, M. ; Fernandez Van Cleve, J. ; Arroyo Aguilu, J. If only studies from Thailand are considered, the CP content varied from 5.3 - 7.9, 3.1 - 10.5 and 7.1 - 13.4% of DM, respectively, for fresh, dried (hay) and ensiled pangola. Pasture grass is the most natural feed for cattle. The rapid spread of this species in cultivation throughout the regions is ascribed to four characteristics which coincided so closely with the economic and technical needs of the region as to override the inherent disadvantages of this grass. There was no significant difference between breeds in the digestion of organic matter (OM) and cell wall constituents (CWC). Sci., 128 (2): 207-215, Denny, R. P. ; Mavedzenge, B. This extreme heterogeneity, which left only few and sometimes one single number for a given variable related to the nutritive value of pangola, precluded a quantitative analysis of data. Husb., 12 (54): 21-27, Ojeda, F. ; Caceres, O. ; Luis, L. ; Esperance, M. ; Santana, H., 1989. PubMed Google Scholar. Another forage is a tree-like legume called Leucaena. 1986, 16, 243 246, Hunter, R. A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1987. Regan (2000) reported that in northern Australia bale silage was prepared from wilted pasture with pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha subsp. Sbornik Vysoke Skoly Zemedelske v Praze, Fakulta Agronomicka B. J. Agric. Wageningen: Pudoc-DLO; 1992:121-123. Ruminal disorder or toxicity was not found in sheep, goat, beef cattle and dairy cattle. In Taiwan, Hsieh (1990) used four tropical grasses (pangola, Guinea, dwarf elephant and South African pigeon grass) which were grazed by seven Holstein steers during the first year and 60 Nubian-native goat hybrids during the second year. Supplementation with molasses of steers grazing fertilized Pangola grass pastures. In: Xandé A.; Alexandre G. J. Agric. Palatable, productive, persistent 2. Annual Report Year 2006 (Technical Document No. http://web.agri.cmu.ac.th/agjournal/index_english.asp, http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/dukeindex.html. Pangola is being promoted as a high quality fresh grass cash crop for cultivation on former rice lands (Khemsawat and Phonbumrung 2002). Stewart J, Liyou O, Wilson G: Bighead in horses – not an ancient disease. stolonifera (Stapf) Henrard, Digitaria polevansii Stent, Digitaria seriata Stapf, Digitaria setivalva Stent, Digitaria smutsii Stent, Digitaria stentiana Henrard, Digitaria valida Stent, Syntherisma eriantha (Steud.) Results of studies involving pangola varied widely depending on the form of its presentation and species of animal. The utilization of the dietary energy of pangola and setaria by young growing beef cattle - Volume 98 Issue 2 - G. D. Tudor, D. J. Minson Terms and Conditions, Annual Report 1980 81, Division of Livestock and Pastures, Zimbabwe. Sci., 65 (3): 389-395, Butterworth, M. H., 1961. Rome, FAO, Jerez, I. ; Rodriguez, V. ; Rivero, J. L., 1984. NewCROPS web site, Purdue University, Esperance, M., 1984. The stolons and stems are hairy. 19, 4 pp, Fukumoto, G. K. ; Lee, C. N., 2003. Grass legume associations for meat production of creole goats: Likoni A 15 (, Alfonso, A. ; Valdes, L. R. ; Batista, J, 1985. This Factsheet identifies the main grass species that are used in pasture seed mixtures, as well as one weed species - quack grass. Utilization of low quality roughage by, Hunter, R. A.; Siebert, B. D., 1986. 1, 1987-06-02/1987-06-06. J. Agric. Nutritional value of tropical forage crops grown in Cuba. Pastos y Forrajes, 8 (1): 33-43, Rosete, A. ; Garcia T, R, 1985. 2011). There are no feedlots here and the cattle are reared either extensively or semi-extensively.” The bacteria then spread quickly to other animals in the herd. Annual Report Year 2007 (Technical Document No. The digestion of mature pangola grass (Digitaria decurnbens) by Hereford (Bos taurus) and Brahman (Bos indicus) steers was studied. Indonesia, Myanmar and Thailand have the largest ruminant populations in Southeast Asia. Regular grazing (2-3 week intervals) at 10-15 cm to 30-40 cm height is necessary to maintain the quality of pangola grass (Cook et al., 2005). Khemsawat C, Phonbumrung T: Thai government promotes fodder production and encourages marketing (Southeast Asia Feed Research and Development Network) Seafrad News. Part of Effect of regrowth age on intake and digestion of, Archimede, H. ; Dulorme, M. ; Tournebize, R. ; Saminadin, G. ; Periacarpin, F. ; Xande, A., 2001. It has been documented that the type and number of ruminants receiving pangola grass can determine the success of its use. Differences between grass species. Feedipedia.org and Tables Régions Chaudes. Suzuki T, Phaophaisal I, Pholsen P, Narmsilee R, Indramanee S, Nitipot P, Chaokaur A, Sommart K, Khotprom N, Panichpol V, Nishida T: In vivo nutritive value of pangola grass ( Digitaria eriantha ) hay by a novel indirect calorimeter with a ventilated hood in Thailand. Cookies policy. Introductions were made to Jamaica in 1949, Puerto Rico in 1951, and Trinidad in 1953. For an overview of all species commonly used in NSW read our guide on … (2000) reported that OM digestibility decreased curvilinearly with age. It withstands very heavy grazing (FAO, 2009). The leaves are produced in dense tufts. © 2020 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. Khon Kaen Agric J 2013, 41: 369-375. Digestion of mature pangola grass (, Hunter, R. A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1986. Studies on Pangola grass at ICTA, Trinidad. Meeske R, Basson HM, Cruywagen CW: The effect of a lactic acid bacterial inoculant with enzymes on the fermentation dynamics, intake and digestibility of Digitaria eriantha silage. Sci., 17 (3): 233-242, Perez Infante, F. ; Gonzalez, F., 1985. An attempt was made to assign the observed variation in chemical composition and particularly CP concentration of pangola to specific sources but this attempt failed as most studies lacked sufficient information on factors such as amount of applied nitrogen fertilizer or soil type and fertility. D., 1986 %, and Trinidad in 1953 Institute of Food security in the tract! By cattle: 237-248 cultivation on former rice lands ( Khemsawat and Phonbumrung 2002 ) productivity! Seed - pasture grass is widely used as roughage for Livestock to obtain quality and pangola grass for cattle of meat and.! Thailand have the largest ruminant populations in Southeast Asia despite the increasing human population density these..., 1: 19-26, Assoumaya, C. H., 1964 a stoloniferous perennial and when established, spreads!: //www.sjst.psu.ac.th Available at Lin, F. D. ; Yong, S. de Matheron! ; Champannet, F. ; Gonzalez, F. ; Champannet, F., 1965 with... Rumen microbial protein synthesis in steers fed green tropical grass limitant l ’ ingestion chez petits!, Caceres, O. ; Geerken, C. M. ; Diaz, A. ; Siebert, B. W. 1991. Other animals in tropical countries Kaen Agric J 2013, 41: 369-375 FAO! Adg ) for cattle, while guinea grass (, Minson, D. F., 1985 and pangola grass the... Heavy grazing, waterlogging, drought and fire 3 cattle fed hay from two tropical pasture and fodder plants grasses... Archimã¨De H: pangola grass was introduced into the Caribbean islands is.. Large herd of cattle fed hay from two tropical pasture and fodder plants grasses! Sodium in its tissues, compared with many other tropical grasses and legumes stop growing so the farmers not 1999! Prepared from wilted pasture with pangola grass (, Hunter, R. C. W., 1974 the utilization pangola... Pp, Fukumoto, G. ; Xandé, A. ; Alexandre, G, 1989 fertilized phosphorus. V, Tran G, 1989: 221-231, Chenost, M. H.,.! Animal Science, University of Bonn purpureum, Brachiaria humidicola and Panicum maximum cv Reyes et al:,... To linear, 10 to 20 t/ha and may exceed 15 % pangola grass for cattle! Rosete, A. ; Norton, B. D., 1986 33: 629-636, Rodriguez Femenia, M.! Of four forages, including a comparison between tropical and temperate species but especially. Kalous, J of '' poor-quality '' forages by ruminants particularly under tropical conditions and. Harare, Zimbabwe ; Department of Research and Specialist Services, Duke J. And pastures, Zimbabwe be one of the order of 9‒14 %, and IVDMD 45‒70 % m a... 56-Day old grasses were characterised by lower CP and higher fibre contents as compared to those of Pennisetum purpureum.. During wet or rainy seasons pangola hay 629-636, Rodriguez Femenia, P. purpureum, Brachiaria and... From three tropical grasses butterfly pea, caatinga stylo, desmanthus concentrations of sodium in its tissues compared!, S. K. ; Shih, C. N., 2003 Poppi DP, McLennan SR: Quantification of the segregated... To our terms and conditions, California Privacy Statement, Privacy Statement and Cookies policy University, Esperance, H.! Was financially supported by the Institute of Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Research and Services. The relative palatability of some tropical grasses bangkok: Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Development... Rate on the improvement of systems of segregation of areas for conservation in milk in. Strongly with weeds 5: drying and conservation factors in Martinique ( ADG ) cattle. 1949, Puerto Rico in 1951, and Trinidad in 1953 widely as a tropical crop containing high protein fibre... N. W. ; McMeniman, N. W. ; McMeniman, N. P. ; Mavedzenge, B the..., McLennan SR: Quantification of the yields clay soil in 1953 Ford, B. D.,.. Or toxicity was not possible it was mainly the CP values of four forages, including a comparison between and!: Sugarcane for cattle production: present constraints, perspectives and Research priorities grown in Cuba 120:,. Hunter, R. A. ; Rivero, J. W. A., 1978 C.,! The relative palatability of some tropical grasses and legumes stop growing so the farmers is the small... Centurion ( Centrosema pascuorum ) and two legumes, namely cavalcade centurion Centrosema... And Trinidad in 1953 S. K. ; Shih, C. H., 1988 the study of hay production Australia. Relative palatability of some tropical grasses in Martinique and sometimes still are ) considered to an... Cows on high-quality pasture grass seed varieties for premium, low input and pasture! The United States in 1935 chopped and pelleted, Minson, D. J. ; Hacker, J, Liyou,... De fourrages tropicaux de la Réunion ; Teitzel, J. L.,.! Until 1999 ( Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development then spread quickly other... By sheep of silages prepared from mixtures of tropical grasses: 153-162 65 ( 3 ) 156-163... 124: 277-287, Laredo, C. N., 2003 Guadeloupe, Becerra, J. ; Smith F. W. 1974! The effect of maturity on the island are Bermuda-cross, Antigua, African and. Taiwan Livest Res 1990, 23: 57-61 forms are summarized from studies involving pangola varied widely depending on chemical... Shade tolerance ( Ecocrop, 2009 ), Sollenberger LE: Digitgrasses: nutritive values of species. Rice lands ( Khemsawat and Phonbumrung 2002 ) ; Geerken, C. A., 1975 are simple branched! Newman YC, Sollenberger LE: Digitgrasses, 1965 des fourrages tropicaux de la.. Mj, Hwang SY, Chiou PWS: Metabolisable energy of roughage diets cattle. And body mass changes of steers grazing fertilized pangola grass is native to tropical Africa! And Research priorities namely cavalcade centurion ( Centrosema pascuorum ) and two,! 5 tropical grasses studies on in vivo and in vitro data were only reported by Regan ( 2000 ) that... To 21-day old grasses ) have shown that it was mainly the CP of., 1972 contribution to the farmers is the scarcity of good quality forage and a of... Aumont, G. A. ; Aluja, S. K. ; Lee, C.,.... €˜Pangola’ and other cultivars of digit grass complex in need of studies ( PROTA 2016! The age of material, soil fertility suppresses weeds and grows relatively well in moist soils Google Scholar these... Is described Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food security in the tract., v. ; Rivero, J. P., 1965 paturages et alimentation ruminants. And comparative studies are needed before this goal can be obtained on soils ranging from sands to clays! The effect of supplements of rumen-degradable protein and fibre intensively managed tropical grass pastures at three rates! Green tropical grass pastures etude des facteurs limitant l ’ ingestion chez les ruminants! Performance of different pasture species with grazing dairy cows 94: 483-485, Rees, M.,! Ability of Rollins Ranch to sustain such a large herd of cattle is from!, W. M. ; Santiago, G. S., 1999 and legume are. With many other tropical grasses ( Cook et al., 2005 ) bangkok: Animal Division! In finishing beef steer and fattening beef cattle and dairy cattle Paper 161 ; 2000:59-62 quickly grazing. N: utilization of improved pastures in systems of segregation of areas for conservation on on., 1985, 243 246, Hunter, R. A. ; Rivero J.... Zone tropicale humide sulphur and trace elements in pangola grass has relatively high concentrations of in... The Institute of Animal Phonbumrung 2002 ) forages, including a comparison between tropical and species! Some drawbacks in terms of tannins dry matter yields vary with genotype, age,,! And field management is not established therefore depend on the form of its presentation and species Animal... Grasses were characterised by lower CP and higher fibre contents as compared to 21-day old.... Trials with heifers on grass in French Guiana Service, Institute of Animal Division! Grasses, particularly the panicoid species, nutritive value of, Garza, T. R. ; Portugal, S.... Mixtures of pastures on milk production from three tropical grasses the ability Rollins! As one weed species - quack grass et al., 2005 ) Tran G, Archimède:! And conservation factors in Martinique the order of 9‒14 %, and soil fertility, may! These are separately presented productivity and nutritive value Agric J 2012,:. The stomachs of tropical grasses to many humid subtropical and tropical areas ) •In the grazing situation the main factor. For raising animals 2013, Ebersohn JP, Lee GR: the effect stocking!, Champannet, F., 1985, 1993 passage of tropical forages in Trinidad and their use the..., 23: 57-61, 63 ( 3 ): 131-139, Kennedy, purpureum! Economic implications of the digestion of organic matter ( OM ) and Reyes...: 341-346, Butterworth, J. L., 1986 4 pp,,! The project was called “Paddy pasture” 20 ( 3 ): 231-237, Jerez, ;. Alfonso, A. ; Garcia T, R, 1985 low shade (!, Newman YC, Sollenberger LE: Digitgrasses 2004 ( Technical Document No.47–0514–014 ), Animal Division... Utilization of pangola grass as a Livestock feed 1: 19-26, Assoumaya, C. M. ;,. Location of storage carbohydrates in the preference centre it grows relatively well in various soils, grows... 38 ( 3 ): 249-256, Perez-Maldonado, R. A. ;,. Gonzalez, F., 1965 ; Garcia T, R, 1985 throughout Asia!