During this time, church attendance grew quickly in the formation of new denominations took place. Generally less emotional than the Great Awakening, the Second Great Awakening led to the founding of colleges and seminaries and to the organization of mission societies. All rights reserved. View this answer. During the Second Great Awakening revivalistic theology in many denominations shifted from Calvinism to a practical Arminianism as preachers emphasized the ability of sinners to make an immediate decision for their salvation; theological differences almost disappeared among evangelical churches. Closely related to the Second Great Awakening were other reform movements such as temperance, abolition, and women's rights. Updates? e. too much learning would injure women's brains and ruin their health. ... GA and the Apex School of Theology in Raleigh, NC. the Second Great Awakening, however, is a successful explanation of the origins and process of mass evangelization prior to 1825. Reform movements developed and took hold. The Second Great Awakening was a diverse bundle of revivals affecting a broad swathe of American religious, political, and public life. Chun Beh Im compared the evangelistic method and results of the Third Great Awakening in America with the Korean revivals of 1884–1910. After 1835 an irregular corps of professional revival experts traveled through the towns and cities of America and Britain organizing annual revival meetings at the invitation of local pastors who wanted to reinvigorate their churches. Moreover, under Finney’s aegis a rationale for carefully contrived revival techniques evolved. It greatly increased the number of Christians both in New England and on the frontier. IF THE GREAT NUMBERS of converted people flooding into the churches had been the only result of the Second Awakening, that would have been satisfactory. The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival movement during the early 19th century in the United States. The Second Great Awakening took place from 1800 to 1830. Slavery became a major political... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. Although many American Protestants lost interest in revivalism in the first half of the 20th century, tent revivals as well as annual revivals in churches in the South and Midwest continued to be an important feature of Protestant church life. Why was the Second Great Awakening popular? Like the First Great Awakening a half century earlier, the Second Great Awakening in North America reflected Romanticism characterized by enthusiasm, emotion, and an appeal to the supernatural. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) Church of Christ. The abolition movement was denounced as sinful. The Second Great Awakening lasted some what of fifty years, from around the 1790s to the 1840s. other Restoration and Primitivist churches (Adventists, AME), basically all the churches that weren’t Catholicism or directly from the Reformation. a. evangelical religion emphasized their spiritual dignity and religious social reform legitimized their activity outside the home. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Become a Study.com member to unlock this The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant revival movement during the early nineteenth century. The Second Great Awakening made soul-winning the primary function of ministry and stimulated several moral and philanthropic reforms, including temperance and the emancipation of women. jaymc1932 The first phase (1795–1810) was associated with frontier camp meetings conducted by American preachers James McGready, John McGee, and Barton W. Stone in Kentucky and Tennessee. What was one result of the Second Great Awakening? Slavery became a major political... See full answer below. The Second Great Awakening resulted in the emergence of a proliferation of social movements including abolitionism. The movement began around 1790 and gained momentum by 1800; after 1820, membership rose rapidly among Baptist and Methodist congregations, whose preachers led the movement. The Great Awakening is, in fact, several periods in American Christian history, and these periods are characterized by religious revivals and an increase in spiritual interest. Seymour Martin Lipset, in his study of the first new nation, exemplifies the problem. The Second Great Awakening took place in the new United States between 1790 and 1840. Methodists. The Second Great Awakening is synonymous with a few of its results: Baptists. The Second Great Awakening The second great awakening focused on encouraging Christians to turn away from sinful pasts, acknowledging their unworthiness before God and accepting salvation in Christ. need to go back to earlier revivals and the current social environment of the 1800's. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Many people in the U.S. were convinced to more actively dedicate their lives to God and to live in a godly manner. Second Great Awakening, the Industrial Revolution, and the Educational Reform, are all proof that effected nationalism in America. This quick development and ideas such as wealthy and political development began to … Religion remained separate from social issues. Abolitionism Which of these inspired reform movements such as temperance, … But this Awakening is notable for more than that, for it had a greater impact on secular society than any other in … The revivals encouraged people to return to God. It was characterized by a series of religious revivals led by traveling ministers such as Charles Grandison Finney. Davis discusses abolitionists from the 1830s, like Theodore Dwight Weld who did noble work in trying to eliminate the evils of slavery, but while also considering religious ideals. The movement began around 1790, gained momentum by 1800 and, after 1820, membership rose rapidly among Baptist and Methodist congregations whose preachers led the movement. The third and final phase (1825–35) stemmed from the activities of evangelist Charles Grandison Finney, who began his revivalism in small towns in western New York in the 1820s but eventually conducted revival meetings in the largest cities in the United States and Britain. Women gained the right to vote C. People with mental illness were … Which of these was a reform movement inspired by the Second Great Awakening? The Second Great Awakening can be divided into three phases. The Quakers were condemned for their views. 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