The most common shrub in Louisiana gardens, according to Perennial and Rose Gardening, the azalea (Rhododendron) is a flowering evergreen shrub that thrives in southern Louisiana's climate. They generally will have become dull by this time of the year. Find the best dates for planting and transplanting vegetables and fruit! Early May is the last chance to apply many broadleaf weed killers and weed-and-feed products to the lawn before the weather gets too hot. What causes sparse blooms on daffodils? September: In early September, plant transplants of tomatoes or peppers and seeds of squash, cucumbers, bush snap beans and bush lima beans. beets, Brussels sprouts, broccoli*, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower*, Chinese cabbage, collards, English and snow peas, Irish potato***kale, kohlrabi, leek, lettuce, mustard, onion, radish, rutabagas, shallots**, snap beans, Swiss chard, turnips, * plant seeds early or use transplants; ** plant sets; *** plant small, whole potatoes saved from the spring crop, Vegetables to Plant in October Bald cypress trees are hardy and strong, being adapted to a wide range of soil types, including, dry, wet and swampy areas. May is one of the busiest months in the flower garden. collards, cucuzzi, eggplant, hot pepper, luffa, mirliton (plant sprouted fruit), okra, peanut, pumpkin, Southern peas, squash, sweet potato (use slips), heat tolerant tomatoes. Plant species from the Visual Guide to Louisiana Plants The Science Issue and Relevance: Quality photographs of plant species are rare on the internet, often difficult to find, and are generally copyrighted, preventing them from being used by government agencies and nongovernment organizations, academics and the general public. Whether you're an avid gardener or a homeowner just trying to keep your yard tidy, your work will be more efficient and effective if you plan your activities and understand the gardening seasons in our area. Ideal soil pH is near 4.0 to 5.3 -- lower than average Louisiana gardens. These shrubs grow slowly, but can reach heights of 6 feet tall. Growing Conditions: Full sun or part shade and moist soil. Happy New Year and may it bring all the gardening successes you desire. Purchase roses in containers and plant this month. Except for unusually cold winters, the tropical hibiscus is typically hardy in the landscape in the lower third of the state - especially with protection. A second application of fertilizer may be made to lawns in June or July. Repeat-flowering roses generally are pruned twice a year -- in late January to early February and again in late August to early September. People love roses, and roses are among the more commonly planted shrubs in our landscapes. Fall foliage color is outstanding. Fertilizing trees, shrubs, lawns and ground covers with nitrogen in the fall can reduce the hardiness of some plants and promote winter injury. Begin to order spring-flowering bulbs from catalogs for delivery in October. Evaluate your flower beds of cool-season bedding plants carefully in late April and early May. Use mulches wherever possible. Our second native Louisiana Super Plant selection is the bald cypress (Taxodium distichum), a deciduous conifer native to the southeastern United States. Plant hardy trees, shrubs and ground covers in the landscape now. In late June you can plant seeds of tomatoes, bell peppers and eggplant for fall transplant production. Based on frost dates and planting zones. The plants listed above are just a minute selection of the possibilities available for cool-season bedding designs in Louisiana. If any gardening tools or equipment need repair, now is a good time to get that done so everything is in good shape next spring. Tough, reliable landscape roses are generally incor…. The willow oak is a Louisiana Super Plant. Sharpen your lawnmower blades. Remove developing seed pods from s Louisiana iris, agapanthus and amaryllis when they finish blooming. Well before the possibility of a hurricane, shade trees in the landscape should be checked carefully to make sure they are in good shape. Louisiana native plants perfectly designed for our heat, humidity, high rainfall, and adapted to our soils and pests. As leaves fall from trees, collect them, put them in your compost pile or use them as mulch. And the best time to plant fruit trees in Louisiana is now through January, says LSU AgCenter horticulturist Allen Owings. The shrubs produce a large number of flowers and put on … Also in south Louisiana, the night temperature is too high for tulips to store adequate food to produce a flower. Vegetables to Plant in January: We work closely with LSU Agriculture Center and the Master Gardeners Association to bring informative events to any one eager to learn, and fun Gardening Workshops for those who love getting their hands dirty while they learn. This is the beginning of the prime planting season for hardy trees, shrubs, vines and ground covers. Information about plants can be accessed by searching plant lists either by scientific name or common name. Fruit trees and shrubs should be planted early enough in the season to allow the trees to establish themselves before the heat of summer. Look for this symbol at our nursery to locate your favorite Super Plant! Have materials on hand. Finish pruning spring-flowering shrubs, such as azaleas and spirea, in early July. Louisiana gardening by month: What to plant and when for a gorgeous garden all year long, Dan Gill, The Times-Picayune garden columnist, This weekend in the garden, think about roses and ways to improve your outdoor living space, Hot times are tough for roses; here's how to keep them in the pink, What to do: Houseplants growing mushrooms and tomatoes with leaf fungus, It's time to watch for slime molds and brown patches; trim and fertilize flowers. There often is a specific way to prune your tree, depending on the type you're growing, so do some research before pruning. Protect tender vegetables in the event of a late freeze. New plantings need the most attention, since they are more vulnerable until they have a chance to grow a strong root system. Mulches may have decayed and thinned over the summer. ... Blueberries are a low-maintenance, bush-type shrub … Papery flowers bloom in almost every color of the rainbow. cantaloupe, collards, corn, cucumber, cucuzzi, cushaw, eggplant*, honeydew, lima beans, luffa, Malabar spinach, mirliton (plant sprouted fruit), okra, peppers*, pumpkin, snap beans, Southern peas, squashes, sweet potato (rooted cuttings known as [email protected]), Swiss chard, tomato, watermelon. April: Excellent hot weather vegetables that can be planted now include cucuzzi, cushaw, eggplants, peanuts, pumpkins, Southern peas, hot peppers, lima beans, luffa gourds, okra and yard-long beans. The double, dark pink flowers begin to appear in October and continue until mid-January. Photographs include images of leaves, fruit, flower, stem, bark and other key identification features. To jump start your planning, here's a schedule of important gardening activities by the month. Treat if needed with lawn insecticides. October: Vegetables to plant this month include beets, broccoli (transplants), Brussels sprouts (transplants), cabbage, carrots, cauliflower (transplants), celery, Chinese cabbage, collards, endive, green peas, snow peas, edible podded peas, garlic, kohlrabi, lettuce, mustard, onions (seed or sets), rutabaga, shallots (sets), parsley, radishes, spinach, Swiss chard, turnips and kale. (Photo by Chris Granger, Nola.com | The Times-Picayune). October weather can be dry, so water plantings as needed. These specific plants have been selected through extensive testing to withstand our Louisiana climate with outstanding results. Grow it With: Black-eyed Susans for a stunning contrast in color and texture. But that doesn’t mean they don’t need care to stay strong in the midst … first planting should be made after the danger of frost is over (March 15 for south Louisiana). Another Louisiana Super Plant in the tree category is the Southern sugar maple. Anticipating freezing temperatures, evaluate tropical plants in your landscape. Some of the more popular shrubs in Louisiana include azaleas, camellias, hydrangeas, holly, and gardenias. The soft textured foliage plant mixes great with other broadleaf plants. Buy tulips and hyacinths by mid-November, and refrigerate them for at least six weeks before planting them in late December or early January. If you want everything to be coming up roses in your garden, follow Dan Gill’s advice this week. The Louisiana Super Plant program is an educational and marketing campaign that highlights tough and beautiful plants that perform well in Louisiana landscapes. Plant seeds of tomatoes, peppers and eggplants in greenhouses or under lights indoors. Place a 4- to 6-inch layer of mulch, such as pine straw, around the base of the plants to protect the roots and rhizomes. Water in newly planted cool-season bedding plants with a half-strength fertilizer solution to get them off to a good start. Bella Bellissima Potentilla (Potentilla fruticosa) – Low Maintenance. Now through February, dig, divide and transplant perennials, such as daylilies, ajuga, daisy, rudbeckia, coreopsis, yarrow and others. FEED ME: After planting bedding plants, water them in with a half-strength solution of your favorite water soluble fertilizer. * use sets, or transplants; ** plant seeds in hot beds or greenhouses; *** plant seed pieces, Vegetables to Plant in February Fertilize roses and other shrubs now. Prune everblooming roses back about one-third their height in late August or early September. Louisiana Super Plants have a proven track record having gone through several years of university evaluations and observations. Depth to Plant Seeds – This will depend on the seed size and soil type. 2010 2011 2012 2013 Herbs that may be planted now include basil, perilla, sesame, mints, oregano, lemon balm, lemon verbena, mountain mint, Mexican oregano, garlic chives, rosemary, bergamot, hyssop, Mexican tarragon, yarrow, burnet and rue. Herbs to plant include borage, celery, chervil, cilantro, dill, fennel, parsley, chives, garlic chives, lemon balm, Mexican tarragon, mints, oregano, rosemary, sage, sorrel, marjoram, thyme, French tarragon, feverfew, lavender and chamomile. beets, broccoli*, cabbage*, carrots, cauliflower*,collards, corn**, Swiss chard, eggplant***, Irish potatoes*, kohlrabi, lettuce, mustard, peppers***, radish, rutabagas, snap beans**, shallots, tomatoes***, turnips, * plant transplants or seed pieces; ** plant in late February in south La. If you need to, prune spring-flowering shrubs, such as spirea, viburnum, quince, azalea, camellia, jasmine and mock orange as soon as they finish flowering. All of these are great trees for Louisiana landscapes. The Bella Bellissima potentilla … Prune off any freeze damage caused to herbaceous tropical plants, such as gingers, philodendrons, cannas and others. ), USDA zones 4 through 8. The hurricane season is kicking into high gear now, and if you haven't already done so, it's time to look over your landscape to prepare. Woodland and prairie plants bloom in the northern part of the state, while wetland plants thrive in the swamps and coastal marshes of southern Louisiana. With all the greenery that covers Louisiana’s most popular state parks, and even throughout the 2000 acres of beauty on LSU’s campus–there’s a few plants, in particular, that stand out in the Bayou State. Zone 8 Planting Schedule Zone 9 … Transplants or seeds of broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage can be planted throughout the month as can seeds of Brussels sprouts, Chinese cabbage, collards, mustard, kale, kohlrabi and turnips. Using the planting schedules below will help you get the most out of your garden. 6 of the Best Shrubs to Plant in Fall The warm days and cool nights in fall make it the perfect season to plant shrubs, giving them time to settle in and spread their roots before going dormant in winter. beets, broccoli*, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower*, celery, Chinese cabbage, collards, garlic**, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce***, leeks, mustard, onions, radishes, shallots, Swiss chard, * plant transplants by mid month; ** plant individual toes; *** leaf and semi-heading varieties are more reliable than heading types, Vegetables to Plant in November Erin Zimmer picks basil leaves in a garden that she and Jeanette Bell created on a formerly blighted plot in the Lower 9th Ward of New Orleans. In addition, you can plant seeds to grow transplants of broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, Chinese cabbage, peppers and tomatoes. February: Early this month, plant cool-season vegetables, such as beets, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, Swiss chard, collards, lettuce, mustard, potatoes, radishes, spinach, snow peas and turnips. Small-seeded crops are planted beets, cabbage, carrots, celery, collards, garlic, kale, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, mustard, onions, radishes, rutabaga, shallots, spinach, Swiss chard, turnips, Vegetables to Plant in December Plant in early May: corn, cucumber, lima bean, snap bean, Swiss chard. From now through the winter, do not apply fertilizers containing nitrogen to most landscape plants. Constructing a raised bed filled with good quality soil and organic matter will create a better growing environment for growing strawberry plants. They are doing better, but n…. Fertilize young shade trees and fruit trees. Acidic soil helps blueberries absorb necessary nutrients. Then prepare the bed and plant warm-season bedding plants that will thrive here in summer. Select hardier palms, such as cabbage palm, windmill palm, jelly palm, Mediterranean fan palm, Canary Island date palm, palmetto and needle palm. Address: 12290 Mansfield Rd., Keithville, LA 71047 (MAP), Business  Hours: Vegetables to Plant in June Replenish mulch layers with fresh material to maintain about a 2- to 3-inch thickness. If you plant your garden in the summer or fall, your blooms will most likely come to late. Louisiana on average has approximately 250 days between the last and first frost. Several plants grown elsewhere in the country as perennials, however, are treated as cool-season (October through February) annuals in Louisiana. Don't wait for the foliage to die down and disappear, since that will make it harder to find the tubers. Just click here. Planting date – With the spring planting, the southern-most parishes may use the earliest dates given for their first plantings. The varying landscape and climate of Louisiana supports a variety of plant life. Plant cool-season bedding plants, such as pansy, viola, alyssum, dianthus, calendula, snapdragon, diascia, nemesia, dusty miller, ornamental cabbage and kale, petunias and many more. beets, Brussels sprouts*, cabbage, carrots, celery*, Chinese cabbage, collards, garlic*, kale, kohlrabi, leeks**, lettuce, mustard, onions**, radish, rutabaga, shallots**, spinach, Swiss chard, turnips, * plant transplants; ** plant sets or transplants, Prepared by: Dan Gill, Consumer Horticulturist, LSU AgCenter. 'Vegetable Gardening In Louisiana' Gardening Seminar Sign-Up Here! Our free planting guide calculates the best dates for sowing seeds indoors and outdoors, and for transplanting seedlings to the garden—all customized to your location. Other questions:subscriberservices@theadvocate.com. When applying pesticides to food crops, observe the waiting period between treatment and harvest. Planting too shallowly causes bulbs to … Gardeners in central Louisiana should plant about two weeks later than the earliest dates given and north Louisiana about four weeks later. Dig and store your caladium tubers in early October. Considerations. Weeds can get out of hand very fast. Louisiana Iris (Iris brevicaulis, Iris fulva, Iris giganticaerulea, Iris hexagona and Iris nelsonii) The best time to plant these amazing flowers is in August or September, when they’re dormant. We love them because they are proven performers in the cooler months. This pruning prepares the roses for the outstanding blooming season in October, November and early December. Plants set out late or started too late will grow, but may not provide enough yield to make the effort worthwhile, examples being bell peppers, eggplants and tomatoes. Fertilize lawns the last week in March or early April using a lawn fertilizer or weed and feed (fertilizer plus weed killer). He explains how to see your bushes through th…. Tips on training blackberry bushes Preparing Louisiana Soil. The first idea for a fall flower is Hostas. Vegetables to Plant in May: From delicate flowers, to robust evergreens, to cypress trees there seems to be a wide variety of plants that love the Louisiana environment. December: Vegetables to plant in December include beets, cabbage, carrots, celery, Chinese cabbage, collards, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce, mustard, onions, radish, rutabaga, shallots, spinach, Swiss chard and turnips. Finish planting most spring-flowering bulbs this month. Due to heat and pest problems, the following vegetables are generally not as productive planted this late. Size: To 4 feet tall and wide. Every Louisianan knows it’s our state tree. Moderate autumn temperatures make it easier on a hard-working gardener, too. As cool-season annuals become unattractive, the beds need to be cleaned out and replanted with warm-season annuals for summer color. Fall vegetable gardening in south Louisiana: what to plant, how to plant it Dan Gill, The Times-Picayune garden columnist Published Oct 21, 2017 at 6:00 pm | Updated Jul 22, 2019 at 2:38 pm You have permission to edit this article. Plant Name: Physostegia virginiana. Clip ground covers back before new growth appears to remove unattractive foliage, rejuvenate the plants and control growth. They have already set their flower buds, and any pruning now will reduce blooming. This gets them …. The temperatures in late fall and on into February are mild enough for planting in Louisiana. Plant seeds of tomatoes, peppers and eggplants in small pots in greenhouses or under lights indoors. beets, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery*, Chinese cabbage, collards, eggplant**, English and snow peas, Irish potatoes***, kale, kohlrabi, leeks*, lettuce, mustard, onions*, peppers**, radish, rutabaga, shallots*, snow peas, spinach, Swiss chard, tomatoes** and turnips. Louisiana Nursery offers seasonal Gardening Seminars to the public. It's far easier to do these jobs a little at a time than to get behind and have to make a major effort. From a wide selection of Liatris and truly perennial Rudbeckias to vines like the tame Coral Honeysuckle as well as the rare but beautiful Louisiana Catchfly. Citrus and other fruit trees need full sun for an abundant yield of fruit. Warmer temperatures and active growth make watering increasingly important if regular rainfall does not occur. And while you're at it, head over to the NOLA.com's New Orleans Homes and Gardens page on Facebook. bell pepper*, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, bunching onions**, cabbage, cauliflower, Swiss chard, Chinese cabbage, collards, cucumbers, lima beans, mustard, snap beans, Southern peas, peppers*, Irish potatoes, ***rutabagas, shallots**, squashes, tomatoes*, turnips, * transplants; ** sets; *** plant small, whole potatoes saved from the spring crop, Vegetables to Plant in September Louisiana's relatively long growing season makes it possible to plant tomatoes in mid-summer for a fall harvest. They include delphiniums (Delphinium spp. Plant palms through August, since they establish best when planted into warm soil. Plant caladium tubers or started plants in shady areas this month. Q. Zones: 4-8 November: Vegetables to plant in November include beet, cabbage, carrot, celery, collard, garlic, kale, kohlrabi, leek, lettuce, mustard, onion, rutabaga, shallot, spinach, Swiss chard and turnip. Although squash and cucumbers can be planted in June and July, production is difficult during mid summer due to pest problems. Hot, dry weather is ideal for chinch bug damage to show up on lawns, particularly in St. Augustine grass. June: Heat-tolerant vegetables that can be planted in June include collards, cucuzzi, eggplant, hot pepper, luffa, Malabar spinach, mirliton, New Zealand spinach, okra, peanut, pumpkin, Southern peas, edible soybeans, squash and sweet potato (use "slips" or rooted cuttings). Azaleas grow in partial to full sun. These natives attract a … The flowers and seeds of herbs and vegetables often taste like a milder version of the herb or green. When they are past their prime, pull them up and throw them in your compost pile. Sign up for the weekly NOLA.com's home and garden newsletter, and you'll get Dan Gill's latest tips as well as stories about gorgeous local landscapes. Two of my houseplants were not doing well so I placed them outside where they would get better indirect sunlight. cantaloupe, collards, corn, cucumbers, cucuzzi, eggplant*, kohlrabi*, lima beans, mirliton**, mustard, peppers*, pumpkin, radish, snap beans, Southern peas, summer squash, Swiss chard, tomatoes*, watermelons, winter squash, * plant transplants in mid to late March; ** plant the entire fruit with the sprouted end in the soil about 3 inches deep, Vegetables to Plant in April Dan Gill, The Times-Picayune garden columnist Published Sep 26, 2014 at 7:51 pm | Updated Jul 19, 2019 at 3:54 pm Pay special attention to any newly planted areas. Decide what needs to be protected and decide how you will do it (bring inside, cover). We are an official grower and supplier of all the new ‘Louisiana Super Plants’. The hydrangea’s reliably charming and large flowers make it one of our beloved summer-flowering shrubs of Southern garden. Click Here For Our Vegetable Selection Many hardy fruit trees, such as peach, pear, plum and apple, should be pruned in February. This will give them time to make some root growth before the heat of summer. It’s important to get cool-season bedding plants into the ground by late November or early December at the latest. Indigo is an excellent choice if you have a large area in the part sun to shade that you would like to cover. Avoid pruning spring-flowering shrubs and gardenias, hydrangeas, sasanquas and camellias. As their common name implies, tropical hibiscus is native to frost-free climates and may be damaged or even killed by severe freezes. Indigo - This indestructible plant is a vigorous spreading deciduous low shrub or groundcover with showy, pink clusters of flowers from late spring through summer. May: Excellent hot-weather vegetables that can be planted now include amaranth, cantaloupe, cucuzzi, cushaw, eggplant, Malabar spinach, edible soybean, peanuts, pumpkin, Southern peas, hot peppers, lima beans, luffa gourd, mirliton, okra, sweet potato, watermelon and yard-long beans. Keep up with weeding. Plants that bear fruit at the same time may bloom at different times; select plants with overlapping bloom times to ensure cross-pollination occurs. When you are selecting plants for your garden or backyard, it is important to know your hardiness zone and choose plants that thrive there. Planting calendars for places in Louisiana. Plant transplants of bell peppers, tomatoes and eggplants by mid-August. ), USDA zones 3 through 7, and foxgloves (Digitalis spp. Hold off pruning cold-damaged woody tropicals, such as hibiscus and angel trumpet, until spring. This guide to the vascular plants of Louisiana includes a database of plant characters, a search engine and plant images. Keep up with jobs such as weeding, mulching and staking plants. Begin to plant warm-season bedding plants, such as angelonia, marigolds, zinnias, blue daze, pentas, celosia, salvia, portulaca, purslane, melampodium and others. Always make sure you have diagnosed a problem properly before treatment. Keep them well-watered during their period of getting established. Some Shrubs That Like It Hot Red azaleas blooming on tree Shrubs can be used to provide privacy in between houses (called hedge), and they can be used as accents to put emphasis on a prominent landscape feature (called foundation plants). Begin to order spring-flowering bulbs from catalogs for delivery in October. Continue to plant transplants of tomatoes and peppers and seeds of snap beans, squash and cucumbers. A great native shrub for Louisiana landscapes (04/07/17) Henry’s Garnet Virginia willow is a native shrub that adapts very well to landscape cultivation and is reliable and easy to grow. If you want to propagate, divide your stems every 3-5 years, right after spring flowering. Apply a thick mulch of pine str… When using any pesticide read and follow label directions carefully. To properly start a fall flower garden, plant your fall flowers in the spring so that your plants may have a sufficient amount of time to grow and flourish for the fall. March: Begin planting warm-season vegetables, such as tomatoes and bell peppers (use transplants for these two), cucumbers, corn, snap beans, mirliton and squash. Email: LouisianaNursery@yahoo.com Phone: (318) 925-0971 Address: 12290 Mansfield Rd., Keithville, LA 71047 Business Hours: Monday - Saturday: Open Daily 9:00 am- … broccoli*, Brussels sprouts*, cabbage*, cantaloupe, cauliflower*, Chinese cabbage*, collards, cucumbers, luffa, okra, peppers*, pumpkins, Southern peas, shallots, squashes, tomatoes*, watermelons, Vegetables to Plant in August Vegetables to Plant in July January: Vegetables to plant in January include beets, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, Chinese cabbage, collards, garden peas, Irish potatoes, kale, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, mustard, radishes, rutabagas, spinach, Swiss chard and turnips. Both bloom like crazy in late summer and into fall. At that time, look for new growth and then cut the plant back appropriately. She and Bell were photographed on Thursday, December 17, 2016. And disappear, since they are past their prime, pull them up and them! 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