Ambrosio de O’higgins. He landed in Buenos Aires, in what is now Argentina, then made the 1,500km trek west to Santiago, in modern-day Chile. Early life. After that, the Spaniards considered it appropriate to enter into a new treaty with the Huilliche leaders, and a conference with this object was held in Las Canoas, in Osorno, in 1793. [5] Along with other members of his family Ambrose worked in the service of the Rowley-Langford family of Summerhill House. In 1784 the Governor of Chiloé, Francisco Hurtado del Pino, and Ambrosio O'Higgins had been ordered to open a route over Huilliche territory between Maullín and Valdivia. 5–26. Two years later, Isabel married Félix Rodríguez with whom she had a daughter, Rosa Rodríguez Riquelme. But this tiny Co Sligo townland has left a permanent footprint on two continents. [9] O'Higgins had made this recommendation following the visit of the Lapérouse expedition to Concepcion in March 1786, and he presumably discussed it with Malaspina while the Astrea was at Concepcion. He served the Spanish Empire as captain general of Chile (1788–1796) and viceroy of Peru (1796–1801). In 1770 the Governor of Chile appointed him, now in his late forties, captain of a column of cavalry to resist the attacks of the Araucanian Indians, whom he defeated, founding the fort of San Carlos in the south of the province of Arauco. The National Genealogical Office (Dublin), MS 165. pp. He founded cities including San Ambrosio de Ballenary, now Vallenar (1789); Villa de San Francisco de Borja de Combarbalá, now Combarbalá (1789); Villa San Rafael de Rozas, now Illapel (1789); Santa Rosa de los Andes, now Los Andes (1791); San José de Maipo (1792); Nueva Bilbao, now Constitución (1794); Villa de San Ambrosio de Linares, now Linares (1794), and Villa Reina Luisa del Parral, now Parral (1795). found: Dicc. Bernardo O’Higgins, a member of the O’Higgins Family, was born in the Chilean city of Chillán in 1778, the illegitimate son of Ambrosio O’Higgins, 1st Marquis of Osorno, a Spanish officer born in Co Sligo, who became governor of Chile and later viceroy of Peru. The two Irishmen manufactured 220,000 bricks on site in pursuit of that effort. Although best known as the father of Bernardo O'Higgins, Chile's first president, Ambrosio was an important figure in his own right, particularly as captain-general of Chile from 1789 until his promotion to Peru. Donoso, Ricardo. This caused alarm among the Huilliche of the plains of Osorno, who decided to ally with the Huilliche Aillarehues of the Bueno River valley and those around Lake Ranco to the north, and to request intervention by the Governor of Valdivia, Mariano Pusterla. But it wasn’t until he was commissioned as an army captain, to lead a campaign against the Mapuche tribe on the frontiers in southern Chile, that his career really took off. Ambrosio Bernardo O'Higgins, 1st Marquess of Osorno (c. 1720 – 19 March 1801 ) born Ambrose Bernard O'Higgins (Ambrós Bearnárd Ó hUiginn, in Irish), was an Irish-Spanish colonial administrator and a member of the O'Higgins family. In 1778 he impregnated Riquelme’s teenage daughter Isabel. Though Ambrosio O'Higgins never saw or officially recognised his son as his legal heir, he paid for his education in England and left him a portion of his possessions in Peru and Chile. The Irish Times site for and about Irish-connected people around the world. Live with honor, or die with glory! He served the Spanish Empire as captain general (i.e., military governor) of Chile (1788–1796) and viceroy of Peru (1796–1801). He studied at University College Galway, the University of Manchester, and the University of Indiana. O'Higgins was military governor there at the time, and six months before had recommended that Spain organize an expedition to the Pacific similar to those led by Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse and James Cook. Within four years he had been promoted to field marshal. He was educated in England, and after a visit to Spain he lived quietly on his estate in Chile until the revolution broke out. Pedro Normande to Floridablanca, St. Petersburg, 16 February 1787, Archivo Histórico Nacional (Madrid), Estado, legajo 4289; copy held at Library of Congress Manuscripts Division, Foreign Copying Project Reproductions; quoted in Anthony H. Hull. Archives in Spain and Ireland show that Ambrose O'Higgins was the son of Charles O'Higgins, of Ballynary, County Sligo (son of Roger O'Higgins, of Ballynary, County Sligo, and wife Margaret Brehan), and wife and cousin Margaret O'Higgins (daughter of William O'Higgins and wife Winnifred O'Fallon). In southern Chile he was a frequent guest at the home of a landowner named Simon Riquelme. 1720; d. 18 March 1801), viceroy of Peru (1796–1801). Figueroa set fire to Indian houses and croplands near his marching route, and arrested a large number of male Huilliches as suspected rebels. En 1826, Ambrosio de la Cuadra, enginyer general, aconseguia la promulgació d'una Real Ordre, amb data de […] 20 d'agost, per la qual s'obria novament l'Acadèmia d'Enginyers, aquesta vegada en Madrid. Ambrosio Bernardo O'Higgins (Ballenary, Irlanda, 1720 - Lima, Perú, 19 de març de 1801) va ser un militar i polític espanyol d'origen irlandès, pare de l'heroi de la independència xilena Bernardo O'Higgins. "Tradition and Reform in Bourbon Chile: Ambrosio O'Higgins and Public Finances. [6], About 1760, O'Higgins enrolled in the Spanish Imperial Service as draughtsman and then engineer. ", This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 16:35. He was a leader in the Chilean war of independence and is considered the “Founding Father of Chile”. Bernardo O’Higgins was the locally-born illegitimate son of Ambrosio O’Higgins and Isabel Riquelme, a criolla from a prominent family of Basque origin in Chillán. He funded the education of Bernardo Riquelme but never met his son. A decade later O’Higgins was anointed first barón de Ballinar – a local take on his home place – by the Spanish king and promoted to governor of Chile. In 1788, in return for his efforts in South America, King Charles III of Spain created O'Higgins 1st Barón de Ballinar (a title in the peerage of Spain, and not to be confused with the family's existing Gaelic title), and promoted him to major-general. Where his father had been a conservative and a monarchist, Bernardo was a revolutionary and an exponent of liberal republicanism. [14], Stephen Clissold, "The O'Higgins of Chile". Demetrio, who visited his relatives in Summerhill in 1862,[5] had no sons and consequently all his descendants are in the female line. Michael D Higgins, ninth and current President of Ireland, was born on April 18, 1941 in Limerick city and was brought up in County Clare. In 1796, O'Higgins was appointed Viceroy of Peru, comprising present-day Peru and Chile. He improved communications and trade with other Spanish colonies, based on a growing agricultural base. His father died in 1801, leaving O’Higgins a large piece of land, the Hacienda Las Canteras, near the Chilean city of Los Ángeles. O’Higgins was the illegitimate son of an Irishman from Sligo who rose to prominence in the Spanish colonies of Latin America. Ambrose O'Higgins was born in Ballynary, County Sligo, Ireland; the son of Charles O'Higgins and his wife (and cousin) Margaret O'Higgins, tenant farmers who after migrating to Summerhill in County Meath ca. Chilean independence leader Bernardo O'Higgins was his son.[3]. Along with other members of his family Ambrose worked in the service of the Rowley-Langford family. Births. Parents: Ambrosio O'Higgins and Isabel Riquelme; Died: October 24, 1842 in Lima, Peru; Education: San Carlos College, Peru, Catholic school in England; Notable Quote: "Lads! He also clamped down on drinking, dancing, satirical verse and fraternisation between unmarried men and women. Early Life . 1600 C.E. He projected and constructed a new carriage-road from Lima to Callao, and his principal attention during his short administration was directed to the improvement of means of communication. Este es el caso de Ambrosio O’Higgins, nativo de Ballenary (c.1720), una remota aldea rural de Sligo, uno de los condados más pobres de una isla, Irlanda, ya de por sí a la periferia de la Europa de inicios del XVIII. [citation needed], Bernardo O'Higgins led Chile as Supreme Director from 1818 to 1823 when he was forced to resign and go into exile with his mother, sister and son Demetrio O'Higgins in Peru. To comment you must now be an Irish Times subscriber. Following the designs of O'Higgins the mountain huts known as Casuchas del Rey were built in the 1760s to secure communications across the Andes.[8]. There, studying history and the arts, O'Higgins became acquainted with American ideas of independence and developed a sense of nationalist pride, coming to admire liberalism in the Georgian British model. He promised marriage, but colonial law forbade marriage between public officials and criolla women without authorization of the crown. Ambrose O’Higgins, known in South America as Ambrosio, at the age of 57 seduced a beautiful young girl of eighteen having promised to marry her. When he was 30 he emigrated to the Spanish city of Cadiz: home of the Spanish navy and an important hub for trade with the New World. He served the Spanish Empire as captain general (i.e., military governor) of Chile (1788–1796) and viceroy of Peru (1796–1801). [4], The O'Higgins family were a sept of the O'Neill dynasty who migrated to Sligo in the 12th century. He gained the good-will of the Indians by his humanity and benevolence, and recovered big swathes of territory that had been lost by the Spaniards. He died suddenly after a short illness in 1801, and was interred in the Iglesia de San Pablo, now the Jesuit-run Iglesia de San Pedro, Lima. 396–399. In February 1789 the Treaty of Río Bueno was signed between Huilliche chiefs and colonial authorities. The treaty celebrations were held from 4 March to 7 March, with many banquets of wine and meat being held for the numerous participants. Ambrose O’Higgins was born in County Sligo in 1720 and, after emigrating to Spain, joined the army changed his name to Ambrosio and was posted to Chile. There Bernardo became acquainted with Francisco de Miranda, an ageing lothario and revolutionary, whose conquests included Catherine the Great of Russia. One of his first solo initiatives was to conceive and construct a series of weatherproof refuges along this route across the mountain range, which provided a year-round communication channel between Argentina and Chile for the first time. Build your family tree online ; Share photos and videos ; Smart Matching™ technology ; Free! O’Higgins used his position to abolish the encomienda system of forced labour for indigenous peoples. On 7 September 1777, the viceroy Manuel de Amat promoted him to colonel. [citation needed], Isabel gave birth to Ambrosio's only son, Bernardo, in August 1778. In 1751, O'Higgins arrived at Cádiz, where he dedicated himself to commerce as an employee of the Butler Trading House. As noted in his Certificate of Baptism, he was the illegitimate son of Ambrosio O’Higgins, a Spanish officer of Irish origin who became governor of Chile and later viceroy of Peru; … Ambrosio O`Higgins's Geni Profile. The details of O Higgins s early career are obscure. Bernardo O'Higgins thuộc dòng họ O'Higgins và sinh ra ở thành phố Chillan Chile vào năm 1778, con trai ngoài giá thú của Ambrosio O'Higgins, Hầu tước thứ nhất của Osorno, một sĩ quan Tây Ban Nha sinh ra ở hạt Sligo, Ireland, người đã trở thành thống đốc của Chile và phó vương của Peru. The new Parque O'Higgins Circuit layout was also revealed on the day itself, ... Mitch Evans took sixth for Jaguar, while D’Ambrosio finished eighth after a difficult weekend for the Belgian which saw him qualify near the back of the field on account of running in the disadvantaged first qualifying group. 1721, worked in the service of the Rowley-Langford family.In fact Ambrose is said to have been employed by Lady Jane Rawley. In 1764, John Garland, another Irish engineer at the service of Spain who was military governor of Valdivia, convinced him to move to the neighbouring, and less established, colony of Chile as his assistant. 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