Because he lacked a popular majority, however, his election had to be confirmed by Congress, in which there was strong opposition from the right. Salvador Allende was a Chilean President and Socialist leader. After election to the Chamber of … Popular Unity — a coalition including Allende’s own Socialist Party as well as the Communist and smaller leftist parties — envisioned Allende’s presidency as a preparatory stage. These recordings date from the late-60s to the mid-90s and chronicle the progressive history of the Bay Area, the United States, and international solidarity movements. As a medical student he became involved in radical politics and he was arrested several times while at university. He was married to Marie Antoinette and was executed for treason by guillotine in 1793. Allende was born in 1908 in Valparaíso. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Salvador-Allende, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Salvador Allende, Salvador Allende - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). We strive for accuracy and fairness. His government also took steps to purchase several important privately owned mining and manufacturing sectors and to take over large agricultural estates for use by peasant cooperatives. Salvador Allende Gossens was born in 1908 and died in the coup against his government on 11 September 1973. They acted as … The Freedom Archives contains over 10,000 hours of audio and video tapes. The coup d'etat by General Augusto Pinochet in Chile on September 11, 1973 transformed the history of socialism. Salvador Allende Gossens, a Marxist activist, became the founding member of Chile’s Socialist Party in 1933. The results confirmed that he had committed suicide. Allende was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1937, and eventually served as minister of health. Allende was elected to the Chilean Senate four times from 1945 to 1969. Henry IV granted religious freedom to Protestants by issuing the Edict of Nantes during his reign as king of France, from 1589 to 1610. Twenty-seven years later, Ricardo Lagos Escobar represented the Socialist Party in the 1999 presidential elections. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. She was also a staunch advocate for women's rights. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. After receiving his medical degree in 1932, he co-founded Chile's Socialist Party. As responsible of the PSI foreign policy he supported, also financially, some socialist parties banned by the dictatorships of their respective countries, including the Spanish Socialist Workers Party, the Panhellenic Socialist Movement and the Chilean Socialist Party of Salvador Allende, of whom Craxi was a personal friend. During the 1950s and 60s, he unsuccessfully ran for president several times. He expropriated the U.S.-owned copper companies in Chile without compensation, an act which set him seriously at odds with the U.S. government and weakened foreign investors’ confidence in his government. Allende was arrested multiple times while he was a student at the University of Chile for protesting against the government. Salvador Allende was a politician who co-founded Chile's Socialist Party and ran for the Chilean presidency several times before winning the 1970 election. Allende retained the support of many workers and peasants; his electoral coalition won 44 percent of the vote in the March 1973 congressional elections. This month marks fifty years since Popular Unity’s Salvador Allende was elected president of Chile. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In Salvador Allende …the founding (1933) of Chile’s Socialist Party. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). There were conflicting reports regarding whether Allende committed suicide or was killed by soldiers storming the palace after it was attacked by the Chilean Air Force. Allende immediately implemented his socialist agenda, increasing wages and freezing prices while taking steps to reform the education system, health care and government administration. Five decades after the election of Allende’s Unidad Popular government, Patricia Espejo Brain, Salvador Allende’s private secretary, publishes her memoirs. Following a military coup led by General Augusto Pinochet, Allende took his own life on September 11, 1973. His … Almost a thousand days before, Salvador Allende and the Popular Unity coalition had taken office promising a “Chilean Road to Socialism” based on democratic principles. The son of Salvador Allende Castro and Doña Laura Gossens Uribe, he was part of an upper-middle-class family that had a long tradition in progressive politics. Early on, he declared his commitment to Marxism and his desire to promote a socialist Chile. Portia de Rossi, wife of Ellen DeGeneres, is known for playing the cold and calculating Nelle Porter on Ally McBeal and Lindsay Bluth-Funke on Arrested Development. Inaugurated on November 3, 1970, Allende began to restructure Chilean society along socialist lines while retaining the democratic form of government and respecting civil liberties and the due process of law. Henry the Navigator, a 15th century Portuguese prince, helped usher in both the Age of Discovery and the Atlantic slave trade. Allende was a reformist who believed in Keynesian economics. Every step of the way, they showed that a “popular front” based on the unity of working-class forces with “progressive” capitalists could pave the road for a bloody defeat. During this time, he helped implement such social reforms as higher pensions, a free school lunch program and safety laws for factory workers. Its historic leader was President of Chile Salvador Allende, who was deposed in a coup d'état by General Pinochet in 1973. But the brutality of the new regime, headed by General Augusto Pinochet, didn’t stop with the coup. Allende was born in Valparaiso and involved in politics while a medical student at the University of Chile in 1926. Salvador Allende was born July 26, 1908, in Valparaiso. In 2011, Allende's body was exhumed, and a scientific autopsy confirmed he had died by suicide. The Socialist Party of Chile (Spanish: Partido Socialista de Chile, or PS) is a political party within the centre-left Nueva Mayoría. Unemployment was high and an estimated half of the country's children under the age of 15 were suffering from malnutrition. Allende won the first of his four elections to the Senate in 1945. Allende also printed large amounts of unsupported currency to erase the fiscal deficit created by the government’s purchase of basic industries. Allende attended high school at the Liceo Eduardo de la Barra in Valparaíso and medical school at the University of Chile, graduating with a medical degree in 1933. His slight plurality in the election resulted in his confirmation as president by the National Congress of Chile. The UP coalition included the Communist Party (CP) and the Socialist Party. He qualified as a doctor in 1932 and helped found the Socialist Party of Chile a year later, serving as its general secretary from 1943 to 1970. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. For his successful 1970 campaign Allende ran as the candidate of Popular Unity, a bloc of Socialists, Communists, Radicals, and some dissident Christian Democrats, leading in a three-sided race with 36.3 percent of the vote. Allende won the first of his four elections to the Senate in 1945. Allende led the Popular Unity coalition, which was composed of the two largest parties, the Communist Party and the Socialist Party, as well as smaller leftist parties. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was a 17th century nun, self-taught scholar and acclaimed writer of the Latin American colonial period and the Hispanic Baroque. After election to the Chamber of Deputies in 1937, he served (1939–42) as minister of health in the liberal leftist coalition of President Pedro Aguirre Cerda. In addition to nationalizing many large-scale industries, Allende expropriated American-owned copper industries without compensation. It was 1952 and Salvador Allende was facing his first presidential campaign with few resources. The Socialist Workers Party and its international cothinkers had fundamental criticisms of the Popular Unity (Unidad Popular, UP) government led by Salvador Allende. In the legislative elections on 16 December 2001, as part of the C… He … The US-backed 1973 coup against Chile’s democratically elected socialist president Salvador Allende resulted in Allende’s death and the torture and murder of thousands of leftists throughout the country. 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