The Stoic Happiness Triangle explains Stoic philosophy in a simple and visual way. Asking questions to stimulate students’ critical thinking. Criticized for the stoic inaction he embodies. Yet he—along with many of our ancestors— endured that pain as well. When encountering something painful, stoics advise _____. (I am indebted to the authors of The Daily Stoic for the above list.) A way to happiness acknowledging the fact that life is pain. The language of a literalist speaker _______________. The Stoics liked to say that it’s not really pain that’s our problem but rather the fear of pain. That stoics really just want other not to have more fun than they have. This myth is _______________. Negative emotion is a lot more salient when it comes to being a disincentive, and so if you have a stoic mindset it’s necessary to be extra careful and take the lessons taught by your mistakes to heart. Persephone, the daughter of the goddess of the earth, marries Hades, the lord of the underworld; Persephone lives with her mother all but four months of the year. I can see how much this guy is bothering him and getting on his nerves, and I tried to offer as much stoic advice as I could but I myself am only a few months in. Identifying the strategies the author uses to prompt certain responses toward the characters. Originally, to study “the humanities” was to study the great artists, writers, and philosophers of_______________. Professional critics might be said to serve as teachers in the arts because they _______________. To promote and ensure the happiness of its citizens. And in most cases you should be helped by the saying of Epicurus, that pain is never unbearable or unending, so you can remember these limits and not add to them in your imagination. The critical thinking skills we develop through the study of the humanities are applicable to our everyday lives, as they can help us _______________. Buddhist principles of Hinayana may be described as _______________. When he spoke to the police, he went to great lengths to insist that he was completely to blame and wanted no harm to come to the driver. In urging participation in human affairs, Stoics have always believed that the goal of all inquiry is to provide a mode of conduct characterized by tranquillity of mind and certainty of moral worth. The Leonardo da Vinci drawing known as vitruvius man is an attempt to portray _______________. Greek and Roman Hellenistic Philosophers (300 BCE - 200 CE) Stoics, Epicureans, Cynics, Skeptics, Aristotelians, Platonists, Sophists A Hypertext Notebook Containing a Reading Guide, Notes, Bibliography, Contextual Information, Quotations, Philosophy, Resources, Rambling, Reconnoitering, Hellenistic Research, and Miscellanies.. Stonehenge is of interest to mythologists because it makes us of what archetypal symbol? I am growing because of it. Hedonism’s first principle is _______________. So when we feel pain, we can often become frustrated, angry, then anxious, then hopeless. To provide alternatives so that students can envision their own routes to happiness. This Greek myth was created to explain _______________. Eighteenth-century writers in Europe and America who lamented the shift from rural to urban living were reviving the myth of _______________. That’s suffering. It hurts. Which of the following is a literalist statement? When Churchill heard that the driver was out of work, he tried to offer him—the man who had nearly killed him—some money. Ideally, thinking critically about ourselves and our personal experiences leads us to self-knowledge, and self-knowledge leads us to _______________. Viktor Frankl’s life is important as a model for happiness because it shows _______________. Remember too that many common annoyances are pain in disguise, such as sleepiness, fever and loss of appetite. Problems can be solved and danger can be overcome. The kind of happiness Gandhi models is _______________. If Addicted2Success was founded in ancient times, the majority of readers would be Stoics. “Whenever you suffer pain, keep in mind that it’s nothing to be ashamed of and that it can’t degrade your guiding intelligence, nor keep it from acting rationally and for the common good. The Stoics want us to learn a healthy and rational attitude of acceptance instead. In large measure, to study the humanities is to study language; one benefit or reading great works or seeing great theater is that it can _______________. Moderation in all things 7. Senator is right: “There has never been a great athlete who did not know what pain is.” That can be expanded: There has never been a great person—just like Churchill in the example above—who did not experience pain and did not learn from it. For the rest—live dangerously; take things as they come; dread naught, all will be well.”. Our responses to pain are or should be fully within our control. Draw reasonable conclusions based on adequate, credible sources of information. Even the enlightened Stoic philosophers we admire today had their moments of struggle. This piece of practical wisdom is found in the Buddhist tradition, but was also a cornerstone of Stoic philosophy. One important quality of the “infinite person” is _______________. Adopted stoicism because its emphasis on reason and controlling negative emotions accorded will with the Roman ideal of the perfect human being. The philosopher who drew distinction between Apollonian and Dionysian ways of responding to drama and to events in real life is _______________. Manayana differs from Hinayana in that it _______________. Because like Epicurus says, nothing is unending. Discuss specific aspects of the works they interpret or evaluate, in the process expressing their philosophies of art, To begin, a person critical response to a work of art – say, a poem – one should, State the contents of the poem as clearly and objectively as possible. Immersing ourselves in the humanities is valuable i part because it allows us to _______________. What gives us happiness as Aristotle defines it is _______________. And in most cases you should be helped by the saying of Epicurus, that pain is never unbearable or unending, so you can remember these limits and not add to them in your imagination. The key to happiness and a fulfilled life was found in responding—not reacting to external world circumstances. answer. The Stoics give us these strategies for learning to cope with pain. The expression “What goes around come around” and the concept of “just deserts” reflect our basic cultural belief that _______________. What advice is there to dealing with purposely annoying people that try to get on your nerves all the time? We know that sometimes it's hard to find inspiration, so we provide you with hundreds of related samples. In the years to come, Churchill and the world would witness some of the most hellish torments that man could invent. Many of our common sayings derive from the fables of what ancient storyteller? ); and the Roman Imperial period, or late Stoa, with Seneca, Musonius Rufus, Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius (I through II century C.E.). How Many People Have Ever Had a Threesome? By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy. A witness at the scene was sure that he had been killed. He would spend some eight days in the hospital with cracked ribs and a severe head wound. When we call someone a “Renaissance person”, we mean he or she _______________. This is something that the stoics do advise us to do, as we will see below in our examination of the stoic tool of negative visualization. The belief that unpleasant labor deserves pleasurable compensation in return is known as _______________. Nietzsche identified as Apollonian that side of the human personality dominated by _______________. This is the idea behind the Stoic Happiness Triangle. The Elysian Fields, Avalon, and the Underworld are all _______________. If others behave unjustly, it is either unintentional or they must harness some anger toward humanity. Carl Jung’s phrase for the university of many myths and archetypes among different cultures is _______________. Author Modern Stoicism Posted on July 9, 2016 Categories Adapting Stoicism, Exploring Stoic Philosophy, Reflections on Living the Stoic Life, Stoic Advice for Everyday Life, Stoicism and Emotions, Uncategorised, Understanding Stoic Philosophy 7 Comments on 'Dealing with One's Own Anger – Resources and Insights From Epictetus' by Greg Sadler A work from earlier times that is rewritten or restaged for modern audiences is called _______________. Often makes no attempt to resolve the misery it depicts, Free online plagiarism checker with percentage. Virtually every mythological hero performs a great deed; usually, this deed occurs in the hero’s _______________. Take the time to carry out a retrospective, and be especially cautious to not breeze over the process. As rome was building its empire, many of its citizens _______________. Observes, interprets, and evaluates works of art. Stoics believe that every distress that we encounter, however minor or major, is caused by a poor expectation or assumption that we made. The title figure of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin is often _______________. In Death of a Salesman, tragedy seems to be based on _______________. Share in the firsthand experiences of those who lived in past eras. Why is Leonardo da Vinci considered the model of the “infinite” or universal man? Just one glance at the internet and you’ll be deluged with posts promising to reveal the secrets of everlasting happiness. Back pain is kind of an epidemic. Stoicism: Bibliography Quotations Fiction Stoic Spiritual Exercises Learning about the time period in which the work was created and/or the life of the artist. Steals fire from the gods and gives it to mortals. It gives you a simple overview of the core principles of Stoicism. Aristippus conceived of hedonistic happiness as _______________. Marcus Aurelius, for example, had 13 children with his wife Faustina, and only four of them would out-live their father. How expectations for happiness can adjust to various circumstances. You just need to be strong and gracious enough to get through it. The Stoics would advise to stick to your initial impressions before imposing value judgments. Literature such as Les Miserables that deals with human suffering _______________. to the third head of the school, Chrysippus; the middle Stoa, including Panaetius and Posidonius (late II and I century B.C.E. When a person judges the beauty of a work of art, he or she is _______________. The study of the humanities originated in _______________. Part 2 – The Bullet Points. The interesting thing is they’re mainly acceptance-based strategies. Happiness for him is not about the feeling at a particular moment. Opponents of stoicism contend _____. In the study of the humanities, critical thinking is the process by which one _______________. Models of the happy life are those who _______________. In responding to current events and works of art, figuratists tend to _______________. Some of the greatest leaders in history were Stoics—Cicero, Epictetus, Seneca, Marcus Aurelius. This Self then splits into two parts and, thus, there is man and woman. The Stoics believed that setbacks, obstacles, and painful experiences should be used as fuel for your fire – that we should take the bad things that happen to us and use them as growth opportunities. Epicureans don’t live life to the fullest. To convince other of their own serenity as a method of lessening violence. Psychology Today © 2020 Sussex Publishers, LLC. Aristotle defined happiness as _______________. The character Oedipus is typical of Western heroes because _______________. According to stoics, _____. As these examples illustrate, childhood stories implicitly convey a culture’s _______________. A personal, intuitive response to the work. https://quizlet.com/388580395/humanities-chapter-12-happiness-flash-cards Are able to create meaningful lives in the face of significant obstacles. We can enjoy it without having to think about it very much. answer. Katharine focused on a letter supposedly written by Epicurus shortly before his death and at a time of intense physical pain. In The Practicing Stoic, Ward Farnsworth writes: “Stoics avoid adversity in the ways that anyone of sense would. Stoic philosophy is quite different from the colloquial use of the term stoic, which people take to mean something like without emotion. The Horatio Alger novels of the early twentieth century all have heroes or heroines who start off poor and become wealthy either by hard work or by accident; these stories are influenced by the popular myth expressed in the statement, _______________. A more profound understanding of humankind. When Video Gaming Becomes a Disorder, How to Beat Perfectionism, Make Progress, and Find Happiness, 10 Healthy Ways to Get Through Difficult Times, Surprisingly Modern Wisdom From Ancient Greeks and Romans. So the next time you feel pain—whether it’s a broken arm or a bout of depression or the sting of a rude remark—think about what a Stoic would say. It is a philosophy of personal ethics informed by its system of logic and its views on the natural world. It also deprives us of the education we could have gotten in that moment. Having methods of managing that pain. Traditional fairy tales are sometimes criticized because they _______________. A typical hedonist response to epicureanism might be _______________. He was accused of adultery with t… Epictetus suffered from an abusive master who injured his leg so … 5 Stoic Tips for Finding Happiness Read More » Opponents of stoicism contend _______________. How Much Are You Willing to Sacrifice for Your Relationship? Yet, Bill Bradley, the basketball player and former U.S. For him, the pleasure was to be obtained through things such as: 1. It also distracts us from the opportunity. Children who hear about the Three Little Pigs learn that hard work and diligence pay off; Red Riding Hood’s journey would have been safer if she had obeyed her mother and avoided the Big Bad Wold. this advice reflects the Stoic belief that only virtue (and not the ‘indifferents’ that are the usual objects of desire) is a proper object of desire. The kind of happiness Anne Frank models is _______________. We give ourselves permission to violate the rules of goof health when we evoke the popular myth _______________. Another aspect of perception that relates to stoic resilience revolves around the idea of understanding and acknowledging nature. Studying the humanities enhances our ability to think by ______________. Confusing happiness with material success in the business world. question. But actually, there is no mystery to being happy, and modern stoicism can show you why. Often, these acts are performed by _______________. In studying the humanities, people come to understand _______________. Concludes with a trial and is, therefore, a milestone in the early history of democracy. To begin solving a critical-thinking problem, one must first _______________. Pauline Kael illustrated that professional critics are sometimes too analytical for the general public’s liking when she wrote that what film is “a sugar-coated lie”? Friendship 3. And yes, of course nobody likes to feel pain. To be good, to be kind, to be patient, to be understanding, to be the person you say you’d like to be. Today, the discipline known as the humanities studies and creative and intellectual expressions (art, literature, philosophy) of _______________. People have a right to the maximum amount of pleasure. But it will make you better. “Anger always outlasts hurt,” is how Seneca puts it. The study of the humanities exposes us to great works of the past; by so doing, it can affect the present and the future in which of the following ways? And, frankly, the Stoic response to this was pretty extreme. Stoicism differs from epicureanism by believing _______________. Does not jump to quick conclusions, instead considering issues from many different perspectives. The misconception stems from the Stoic idea that we should not get carried away by the unhealthy (and therefore irrational) “passions” of desire, pain, pleasure, and fear. Treat all you encounter as something to be embraced. Tennyson’s nineteenth-century poem “The Lotos-eaters” draws on a myth that appears in _______________. Much of Asia’s rich mythology is relayed in brief, simple stories called _______________. The “infinite” person is someone who _______________. The Dalai Lama’s purpose is _______________. Living a temperate life 6. Community 4. Churchill somehow retained consciousness. 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